Who is Roger Bacon?

  • (noun): English scientist and Franciscan monk who stressed the importance of experimentation; first showed that air is required for combustion and first used lenses to correct vision (1220-1292).
    Synonyms: Bacon

Roger Bacon

Roger Bacon, O.F.M. (c. 1214–1294) (scholastic accolade Doctor Mirabilis, meaning "wonderful teacher"), was an English philosopher and Franciscan friar who placed considerable emphasis on the study of nature through empirical methods. He is sometimes credited, mainly starting in the 19th century, as one of the earliest European advocates of the modern scientific method inspired by the works of Aristotle and later Islamic works, such as the works of Muslim scientist Alhazen. However, more recent reevaluations emphasize that he was essentially a medieval thinker, with much of his "experimental" knowledge obtained from books, in the scholastic tradition. A survey of the reception of Bacon's work over centuries found that it often reflects the concerns and controversies central to the receivers.

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Some articles on Roger Bacon:

Petrus Peregrinus De Maricourt - Roger Bacon
... often mentions that Peregrinus was praised by Roger Bacon, who called him a “perfect mathematician” and one who valued experience over argument ... the association of the praise with Pierre de Maricourt appears only in a marginal gloss to Bacon’s Opus tertium and only in one of the five manuscripts used in the critical ... That Bacon’s praise was for Peregrinus is open to serious debate ...
Roger Bacon - In Fiction
... To commemorate Bacon's seven hundredth anniversary, Professor John Erskine wrote A Pageant of the Thirteenth Century, a biographical play which was produced at Columbia University and published as ... An accessible description of Roger Bacon's life and times is contained in the fiction book Doctor Mirabilis, written in 1964 by the science fiction author James Blish ... trilogy After Such Knowledge, and is a recounting of Bacon's life and struggle to develop a 'Universal Science' ...
Correctory - Franciscan Correctories
... The great Franciscan writer Roger Bacon was the first to formulate the true principles which ought to guide the correction of the Latin Vulgate his religious brethren ... Its author is William de Mara, of Oxford, a disciple of Roger Bacon, whose principles and methods he follows ... Gérard de Huy was a faithful follower of Roger Bacon's principles the old Latin manuscripts and the readings of the Fathers are his first authority, and only when they ...
Robert Grosseteste - Biography
... The Franciscan Roger Bacon was his most famous disciple, and acquired an interest in the scientific method from him ... opinion of his own age, as expressed by Matthew Paris and Roger Bacon, was very different ... in these fields of thought, some of the striking ideas to which Roger Bacon subsequently gave a wider currency ...

Famous quotes containing the words roger bacon and/or bacon:

    Argument is conclusive ... but ... it does not remove doubt, so that the mind may rest in the sure knowledge of the truth, unless it finds it by the method of experiment.... For if any man who never saw fire proved by satisfactory arguments that fire burns ... his hearer’s mind would never be satisfied, nor would he avoid the fire until he put his hand in it ... that he might learn by experiment what argument taught.
    Roger Bacon (c. 1214–1294)

    What life is best?
    Courts are but only superficial schools
    To dandle fools:
    The rural parts are turned into a den
    Of savage men:
    And where ‘s a city from all vice so free,
    But may be termed the worst of all the three?
    —Francis Bacon (1561–1626)