Who is Louis Pasteur?

  • (noun): French chemist and biologist whose discovery that fermentation is caused by microorganisms resulted in the process of pasteurization (1822-1895).
    Synonyms: Pasteur

Louis Pasteur

Louis Pasteur ( /ˈluːi pæˈstɜr/, ; December 27, 1822 – September 28, 1895) was a French chemist and microbiologist who was one of the most important founders of medical microbiology. He is remembered for his remarkable breakthroughs in the causes and preventions of diseases. His discoveries reduced mortality from puerperal fever, and he created the first vaccines for rabies and anthrax. His experiments supported the germ theory of disease. He was best known to the general public for inventing a method to treat milk and wine in order to prevent it from causing sickness, a process that came to be called pasteurization. He is regarded as one of the three main founders of microbiology, together with Ferdinand Cohn and Robert Koch.

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Some articles on Louis Pasteur:

Delivery System - History - Landmarks in History of Vaccines
... infection 1676 "The Indian Plague" in Iroquois documented by Louis de Buade de Frontenac 1694 Queen Mary II dies of smallpox on 28 December ... vaccination and revaccination law goes into in effect in Germany 1880 Louis Pasteur develops attenuated fowl cholera vaccine 1881 Louis Pasteur and George Sternberg ...
Timeline Of Medicine And Medical Technology - 1800–1899
... Antiseptic Principle of the Practice of Surgery, based partly on Pasteur's work 1870 – Louis Pasteur and Robert Koch establish the germ theory of disease 1878 – Ellis Reynolds Shipp graduates from Woman’s ...
Louis Pasteur - Legacy
... Avenue Louis Pasteur in the Longwood Medical and Academic Area in Boston, Massachusetts is named in his honor in the French manner with "Avenue" preceding the name ... The Lycée Pasteur in Neuilly-sur-Seine is named after him ... The Avenue Pasteur in Saigon, Vietnam, is one of the few streets in that city to retain its French name ...
Bloom (novel) - Plot Summary
... crew-members and inspect the ship, which is called the Louis Pasteur which is technologically camouflaged to protect the crew against Mycora ... the hangar, killing one crew-member and forcing the others to launch the Pasteur three weeks earlier than planned and without adequate supplies ... Because of their forced launch, the Pasteur docks at Saint Helier, a medium-sized Floral asteroid to pick up supplies ...
Timeline Of Immunology
... Ignaz Semmelweis) 1857-1870 – Confirmation of the role of microbes in fermentation (Louis Pasteur) 1862 – phagocytosis (Ernst Haeckel) 1867 – First aseptic practice in surgery ... to make chicken cholera and anthrax "vaccines" (Louis Pasteur) 1883 – 1905 – Cellular theory of immunity via phagocytosis by macrophages and microphages (polymorhonuclear ... of a live "attenuated" vaccine for rabies (Louis Pasteur) ...

Famous quotes containing the words pasteur and/or louis:

    There does not exist a category of science to which one can give the name applied science. There are science and the applications of science, bound together as the fruit of the tree which bears it.
    —Louis Pasteur (1822–1895)

    Trusty, dusky, vivid, true,
    With eyes of gold and bramble-dew,
    Steel-true and blade-straight
    The great artificer
    Made my mate.
    —Robert Louis Stevenson (1850–1894)