Whig (British Political Party) - Name

Name

The term Whig was originally short for 'whiggamor', a term meaning "cattle driver" used to describe western Scots who came to Leith for corn. In the reign of Charles I the term was used during Wars of the Three Kingdoms to refer derisively to a radical faction of the Scottish Covenanters who called themselves the "Kirk Party" (see the Whiggamore Raid). It was then applied to Scottish presbyterian rebels who were against the King's episcopalian order in Scotland. The term 'Whig' entered English political discourse during the Exclusion Bill crisis of 1678–1681 when there was controversy about whether or not King Charles II's brother, James, should be allowed to succeed to the throne on Charles's death. 'Whig' was a term of abuse applied to those who wanted to exclude James on the grounds that he was a Roman Catholic. The fervent Tory Samuel Johnson often cracked that "the first Whig was the Devil."

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Famous quotes containing the word name:

    What is it? a learned man
    Could give it a clumsy name.
    Let him name it who can,
    The beauty would be the same.
    Alfred Tennyson (1809–1892)

    Name any name and then remember everybody you ever knew who bore than name. Are they all alike. I think so.
    Gertrude Stein (1874–1946)