A syntactic category is a type of syntactic unit that theories of syntax assume. The traditional parts of speech (e.g. noun, verb, preposition, etc.) are syntactic categories, and in phrase structure grammars, the phrasal categories (e.g. noun phrase NP, verb phrase VP, preposition phrase PP, etc.) are also syntactic categories. Phrase structure grammars draw an important distinction between lexical categories and phrasal categories. Dependency grammars, in contrast, do not acknowledge phrasal categories (at least not in the traditional sense), which means they work with lexical categories alone. Many grammars also draw a distinction between lexical categories and functional categories. In this regard, the terminology is by no means consistent. The one opposition (lexical category vs. phrasal category) and the other opposition (lexical category vs. functional category) are orthogonal to each other.
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Some articles on syntactic category:
... suffix usually applies to words of one syntactic category and changes them into words of another syntactic category ... → writer) Although derivational affixes do not necessarily alter the syntactic category, they do change the meaning of the base ... A prefix (write → re-write lord → over-lord) will rarely change syntactic category in English ...
... The examples above illustrate that the conjuncts are often alike in syntactic category ... They illustrate that the theory of coordination should not rely too heavily on syntactic category to explain the fact that in most instances of ... Syntactic function is more important, that is, the coordinated strings should be alike in syntactic function ...
... In this context, the term lexical category applies only to those parts of speech and their phrasal counterparts that form open classes and have full semantic content ...
Famous quotes containing the words category and/or syntactic:
“I see no reason for calling my work poetry except that there is no other category in which to put it.”
—Marianne Moore (18871972)
“The syntactic component of a grammar must specify, for each sentence, a deep structure that determines its semantic interpretation and a surface structure that determines its phonetic interpretation.”
—Noam Chomsky (b. 1928)