What is inference?

  • (noun): The reasoning involved in drawing a conclusion or making a logical judgment on the basis of circumstantial evidence and prior conclusions rather than on the basis of direct observation.
    Synonyms: illation


Inference is the act or process of deriving logical conclusions from premises known or assumed to be true. The conclusion drawn is also called an idiomatic. The laws of valid inference are studied in the field of logic.

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Some articles on inference:

Sources Of Islamic Law - Secondary Sources - Inference
... The Shafi'i school adopted istidlal or inference, a process of seeking guidance from the source ... Inference allowed the jurists to avoid strict analogy in a case where no clear precedent could be found ... Muslim scholars divided inference into three types ...
Leslie Armour - Inference and Persuasion
... Armour's most recent book, Inference and Persuasion An Introduction to Logic and Critical Reasoning (2005), was co-authored by Richard Feist ... Inference is described as the beliefs and judgments that create rules ... Inference and rule are tools that we use for freedom ...
Adverse Inference
... Adverse inference is a legal inference, adverse to the concerned party, drawn from silence or absence of requested evidence ... According to Lawvibe, "the 'adverse inference' can be quite damning at trial ... of evidence, that "...the giving of an adverse inference instruction often terminates the litigation in that it is 'too difficult a hurdle' for the ...
Latent Dirichlet Allocation - Inference
... word, and the particular topic mixture of each document) is a problem of Bayesian inference ... Bayes approximation of the posterior distribution alternative inference techniques use Gibbs sampling and expectation propagation ...
Automatic Logical Inference - Nonmonotonic Logic
... A relation of inference is monotonic if the addition of premises does not undermine previously reached conclusions otherwise the relation is nonmonotonic ... Deductive inference, is monotonic if a conclusion is reached on the basis of a certain set of premises, then that conclusion still holds if more premises are added ... Yet we are also aware that such inference is defeasible—that new information may undermine old conclusions ...

Famous quotes containing the word inference:

    The inference is, that God has restated the superiority of the West. God always does like that when a thousand white people surround one dark one. Dark people are always “bad” when they do not admit the Divine Plan like that. A certain Javanese man who sticks up for Indonesian Independence is very lowdown by the papers, and suspected of being a Japanese puppet.
    Zora Neale Hurston (1891–1960)

    I have heard that whoever loves is in no condition old. I have heard that whenever the name of man is spoken, the doctrine of immortality is announced; it cleaves to his constitution. The mode of it baffles our wit, and no whisper comes to us from the other side. But the inference from the working of intellect, hiving knowledge, hiving skill,—at the end of life just ready to be born,—affirms the inspirations of affection and of the moral sentiment.
    Ralph Waldo Emerson (1803–1882)

    I shouldn’t want you to be surprised, or to draw any particular inference from my making speeches, or not making speeches, out there. I don’t recall any candidate for President that ever injured himself very much by not talking.
    Calvin Coolidge (1872–1933)