What are Hamas?

  • (noun): A militant Islamic fundamentalist political movement that opposes peace with Israel and uses terrorism as a weapon; seeks to create an Islamic state in place of Israel; is opposed to the PLO and has become a leading perpetrator of terrorist activity in Israel; pioneered suicide bombing.
    Synonyms: Islamic Resistance Movement


Hamas (Arabic: حماس‎ Ḥamās, "enthusiasm", an acronym of حركة المقاومة الاسلامية Ḥarakat al-Muqāwamah al-ʾIslāmiyyah, "Islamic Resistance Movement") is the Palestinian Sunni Islamic or Islamist political party that governs the Gaza Strip. Hamas has a military wing, the Izz ad-Din al-Qassam Brigades. Since June 2007 Hamas has governed the Gaza portion of the Palestinian Territories, after it won a majority of seats in the Palestinian Parliament in the January 2006 Palestinian parliamentary elections and then defeated the Fatah political organization in a series of violent clashes. Israel, the United States, Canada, the European Union, and Japan classify Hamas as a terrorist organization, while Arab nations, Iran, Russia, and Turkey do not. Based on the principles of Islamic fundamentalism gaining momentum throughout the Arab world in the 1980s, Hamas was founded in 1987 (during the First Intifada) as an offshoot of the Egyptian Muslim Brotherhood. Co-founder Sheik Ahmed Yassin stated in 1987, and the Hamas Charter affirmed in 1988, that Hamas was founded to liberate Palestine from Israeli occupation and to establish an Islamic state in the area that is now Israel, the West Bank, and the Gaza Strip. However, in July 2009, Khaled Meshal, Hamas's Damascus-based political bureau chief, said the organization was willing to cooperate with "a resolution to the Arab-Israeli conflict which included a Palestinian state based on 1967 borders", provided that Palestinian refugees hold the right to return to Israel and that East Jerusalem be the new nation's capital.

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Some articles on Hamas:

Legal Action Against Hamas - In Germany
... A German federal court ruled in 2004 that Hamas was a unified organisation whose humanitarian aid work could not be separated from its "terrorist and political activities ...
Menachem Froman
... and negotiator with close ties to Palestinian religious leaders from the PLO and Hamas ... Together with a Palestinian journalist close to Hamas, Rabbi Froman has drafted a ceasefire agreement between Israel and the Hamas government in the Gaza Strip, known as the ... The agreement was endorsed by Hamas government but has yet to receive any official response from the Israeli government ...
Al-Fakhura School Incident - Palestinian Response
... Fauzi Barhoun, a Hamas spokesman, said allegations that militants had used the school to attack Israeli forces were baseless.Abdel Minaim Hasan who lost his eldest daughter, Lina, 11, wept by her body ... that he cried out "From now on I am Hamas!.. ... lined them up like a ruler!" When asked for an interview by Al-Aqsa TV, the Hamas channel, she refused ...
Shuja'iyya - History - Modern Era
... The neighborhood is a long-term stronghold for Hamas, a political, social and armed Palestinian organization ... clan carried influence in Shuja'iyya until Hamas police claimed that they were hiding suspects of a previous bombing in the city, consequently resulting in. 2008-09 airstrikes of the Gaza Strip, which killed several members of Hamas' security forces and destroyed the local police station ...
Abu Zakaria Al-Jamal
... زكريا الجمال‎ 1959 – 3 January 2009) was a senior Hamas commander ... Abu was the second senior Hamas member to be killed in the 2008–2009 Israel–Gaza conflict after Nizar Rayan ... Zakaria al-Jamal was commander of Gaza City's rocket-launching squads, belonging to Hamas' military wing, Izz ad-Din al-Qassam Brigades ...