The Western Roman Empire was the western half of the Roman Empire, the other half being the Eastern Roman Empire or Byzantine Empire. Administrative division of the sprawling Empire into a Western and Eastern half with co-emperors for each began under Diocletian in 285 and was periodically abolished and recreated for the next two centuries until final abolishment by the Byzantine emperor Zeno in 480. By that time there was little effective control left in the Western Empire.
A Western Roman Empire existed intermittently in several periods between the 3rd and 5th centuries, after Diocletian's Tetrarchy and the reunifications associated with Constantine the Great and Julian the Apostate (324–363). Theodosius I divided the Empire upon his death (in 395) between his two sons. Eighty-five years later, Zeno would recognize the reality of the Western Empire's reduced domain (Imperial control had been lost over even the Italian Peninsula) after the death of Western Emperor Julius Nepos and rule as sole emperor.
The rise of Odoacer of the Foederati to rule over Italy in 476 was popularized by eighteenth century historian Edward Gibbon as a demarcating event for the end of the Western Empire and is sometimes used to mark the transition from Antiquity to the Middle Ages.
The ongoing struggle between the rising Papacy and the retreating empire led the Pope to unilaterally declare the Frankish King Charlemagne to be the successor of the Western Emperors in 800. This new imperial line would evolve in time into the Holy Roman Empire, which revived the imperial title but was otherwise in no meaningful sense an extension of Roman traditions or institutions. After 924 it was also a primarily Germanic empire that contained little of the former territory of the Western Roman Empire.
Other articles related to "western roman empire, roman empire, empire":
... Though William's contribution to the "recovery" of Aristotle, in the 13th century, was not as significant as is sometimes claimed, his work undoubtedly helped in forming a clearer picture of Greek philosophy, and particularly of Aristotle, than was given by the Arabic versions on which they had previously relied, and which had distorted or obscured the relation between Platonic and Aristotelian systems of philosophy ... William's translation of Proclus was also important, demonstrating that the influential book Liber de Causis, was not a genuine work of Aristotle, but rather derived from Proclus' Elementatio Theologica ...
... After 395, the emperors in the Western Roman Empire were usually figureheads ... The year 476 is generally accepted as the formal end of the Western Roman Empire ... that has been traditionally considered the fall of the Roman Empire, at least in the West ...
... Petronius Maximus 455 not recognized in Constantinople Avitus 455 to 456 not recognized in Constantinople Ricimer 456 to 472 Power behind the throne Majorian 457 to 461 Libius Severus 461 to 465 not recognized in Constantinople Anthemius 467 to 472 Olybrius 472 not recognized in Constantinople Glycerius 473 to 474 not recognized in Constantinople Julius Nepos 474 to 480 In exile 475 to 480 Romulus Augustus 475 to 476 not recognized in Constantinople Flavius Orestes 475 to 476 Power behind the throne Flavius Orestes was killed by revolting Germanic mercenaries ... Their chieftain, Odoacer, assumed control of Italy as a de jure representative of Julius Nepos and Eastern Roman Emperor Zeno ...
... This left the Empire with five rulers four Augusti (Galerius, Constantine, Severus and Maxentius) and one Caesar (Maximinus) ... rank of Augustus alongside his son Maxentius, creating a total of six rulers of the Empire ... At the end of 307, the Empire had four Augusti (Maximian, Galerius, Constantine and Maxentius) and a sole Caesar ...
Famous quotes containing the words empire, western and/or roman:
“I do not believe I am exaggerating in affirming that the empire of Russia is a country whose inhabitants are the most miserable on earth, because they suffer at one and the same time the evils of barbarism and of civilization.”
—Marquis De Custine (17901857)
“Pictures are for entertainment, messages should be delivered by Western Union.”
—Samuel Goldwyn (18821974)
“The gale, it plies the saplings double,
It blows so hard, twill soon be gone:
To-day the Roman and his trouble
Are ashes under Uricon.”
—A.E. (Alfred Edward)