Water Frame

The water frame is the name given to the spinning frame, when water power is used to drive it. Both are credited to Richard Arkwright who patented the technology in 1768. It was based on an invention by Thomas Highs and the patent was later overturned. John Kay, a clock maker and mechanic who helped Highs build the spinning frame, sold the design to Arkwright (for what might be considered a derisory sum). It was Arkwright, however, who made the system work, realising that account had to be taken of the fibre lengths in the batch being spun.

Read more about Water Frame:  Water Power, Cromford

Other articles related to "water frame, water, water frames, frame":

Cotton-spinning Machinery - History - Water Frame
... The Water frame was developed and patented by Arkwright in the 1770s ... machine that needed to be driven by power, which in the late 18th century meant by a water wheel ... Water frames could only spin weft ...
Textile Manufacture During The Industrial Revolution - Industry and Invention - Start of The Revolution
... Again in 1764, Thorp Mill, the first water-powered cotton mill in the world was constructed at Royton, Lancashire, England ... It contained his invention the water frame ... Frame is another name for the machinery for spinning or weaving ...
Cromford Mill - Water Frame
... was hand carding, but in 1775 he took out a second patent for a water-powered carding machine and this led to increased output and the fame of his factory rapidly spread ...
Water Frame - Cromford
... In 1771, Arkwright installed the water frame in his cotton mill at Cromford, Derbyshire, on the River Derwent, creating one of the first factories that was specifically built to house ... One good effect of the frame is that it reduced the amount of human labour needed ... The father of the factory system", he is considered an innovator as he combined water power, the water frame and continuous production with modern employment ...
Economic History Of England - 18th Century - The Industrial Revolution
... primarily by coal, wider utilisation of water wheels and powered machinery (mainly in textile manufacturing) underpinned the dramatic increases in production capacity ... this invention could be operated by hand, the water frame, invented by Richard Arkwright, could be powered by a water wheel ... The water frame was, however, soon supplanted by the spinning mule (a cross between a water frame and a jenny) invented by Samuel Crompton ...

Famous quotes containing the words frame and/or water:

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