The water buffalo or domestic Asian water buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) is a large bovine animal, frequently used as livestock in the Indian Subcontinent, and also widely in South America, southern Europe, the Middle East, northern Africa, and elsewhere.
In 2000, the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization estimated there were approximately 158 million water buffalo in the world, with 97% of them (approximately 153 million animals) in Asia. There are established feral populations in northern Australia, but the dwindling true wild populations are thought to survive in India, Bangladesh, Nepal, Bhutan, and Thailand. All the domestic varieties and breeds descend from one common ancestor, the wild water buffalo, which is now an endangered species. The domestic water buffalo, although derived from the wild water buffalo, is the product of thousands of years of selective breeding in either the Indian Subcontinent or Southeast Asia.
Buffalo are used as draft, meat, and dairy animals. Their dung is used as a fertilizer, and as a fuel when dried. In the Chonburi of Thailand, Pakistan, and the southwestern region of Karnataka, India, there are annual water buffalo races known as kambala. A few have also found use as pack animals, carrying loads even for special forces.
The water buffalo genus includes water buffalo, tamaraw and anoas, all of which are Asian species. The ancestry of the African buffalo is unclear, but it is not believed to be closely related to the water buffalo.
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... The world's first Water Buffalo was cloned either in Beijing China in 2005 or New Delhi, India in 2009 "Samrupa", the world's first cloned Water Buffalo calf, which died a ...
... but he floated, and so the second wife had him wrapped in straw and grass and fed to a water buffalo ... The water buffalo gave birth to a beautiful calf with a hide like gold ... The calf brought them not to the water buffalo but to the repudiated wife ...
... Chon Buri Water buffalo racing festival, Thailand Thousands of people flock to this entertainment in downtown Chonburi, 70 km (43 mi) south of Bangkok, at the annual water buffalo festival ... About 300 buffalo race in groups of five or six, spurred on by bareback jockeys wielding wooden sticks, as hundreds of spectators cheer ... The water buffalo has always played an important role in agriculture in Thailand ...
... In Negara he watches water buffalo racing ... Tanatoraja, Sulawesi salak, water buffalo soup, papyong (spiced pork in bamboo) ... In Batutumanga he eats snake, eel, and water buffalo entrail soup and visits a funeral celebration ...
Famous quotes containing the words buffalo and/or water:
“As I started with her out of the city warmly enveloped in buffalo furs, I could not but think how nice it would be to drive on and on, so that nobody should ever catch us.”
—Anthony Trollope (18151882)
“I am no Poet here; my pen s the spout,
Where the rain water of my eyes run out,
In pity of that name, whose fate wee see
Thus copied out in griefs Hydrography:
The Muses are not Mer-maids, though upon
His death the Ocean might turn Helicon”
—John Cleveland (16131658)