Uttar Pradesh

Uttar Pradesh ( /ˌʊtər prəˈdɛʃ/) (literally meaning "Northern Province"), abbreviated U.P., is a state located in northern India. It was created on 1 April 1937 as the United Provinces with the passing of the States Reorganisation Act and renamed Uttar Pradesh in 1950. Lucknow is the capital Uttar Pradesh and Kanpur is economic and industrial capital of Uttar Pradesh. On 9 November 2000, a new state, Uttarakhand, was carved from the mountainous Himalayan region of Uttar Pradesh.

The state is bordered by Rajasthan to the west, Haryana and Delhi to the northwest, Uttarakhand and the country of Nepal to the north, Bihar to the east, Jharkhand to the southeast, and Madhya Pradesh to the southwest. It covers 93,933 square miles (243,290 km2), equal to 6.88% of the total area of India, and is the fifth largest Indian state by area. With over 200 million inhabitants as of 2011, it is the most populous state in the country as well as the most populous country subdivision in the whole world. Hindi is the official and most widely spoken language in its 75 districts. Uttar Pradesh is the second largest Indian state by economy, with a GDP of 708,000 crore (US$128.86 billion). Agriculture and service industries are the largest parts of the state's economy. The service sector comprises travel and tourism, hotel industry, real estate, insurance and financial consultancies.

Uttar Pradesh was home to powerful empires of ancient and medieval India, including the Magadha, Nanda, Mauryan, Sunga, Kushan, Gupta, Gurjara, Rashtrakuta, Pala and Mughal empires. The two major rivers of the state, the Ganga and Yamuna, join at Prayag and then flow as the Ganga further east. The state has several historical, natural, and religious tourist destinations, such as the Taj Mahal, Varanasi, Piprahwa, Kaushambi, Ballia, Shravasti, Kushinagar, Lucknow, Chitrakoot, Jhansi, Allahabad, Meerut and Mathura.

Read more about Uttar Pradesh:  History, Geography, Flora and Fauna, Regions and Cities, Demographics, Government and Politics, Crime, Economy, Transportation, Sports, Education, Tourism, Culture, Media

Other articles related to "uttar pradesh, pradesh":

List Of Zoos In India - Zoos in India
... Assam State Zoo-cum-Botanical Garden, Guwahati, Assam Allen Forest Zoo, Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh Alipore Zoological Gardens, Kolkata, West Bengal ... Wildlife Sanctuary, Tripura Sri Venkateswara Zoological Park, Tirupati, Andhra Pradesh Rajiv Gandhi Zoological Park, Pune, Maharashtra Thiruvananthapuram Zoo, Trivandrum, Kerala Thrissur Zoo, Thrissur ...
List Of Indian Rail Incidents - 2010s - 2011
1 January 2011 – Amritsar-Sealdah Akaltakth Express rammed into two trucks in Uttar Pradesh's Jaunpur district when its driver failed to notice the red signal at a level crossing at ... got derailed in the Dadri area of Ghaziabad district of Uttar Pradesh on 3 January 2011 ... Express caught fire near Ratlam district in Madhya Pradesh ...
Lucknow Metro - Status
... The Uttar Pradesh state budget for 2013–14 provided funding for the metro project ... A committee headed by Uttar Pradesh Chief Secretary Jawed Usmani will oversee the initial stages of development of the project ... Agency (JICA) offered financial assistance to the Uttar Pradesh government for the metro rail project ...
Uttar Pradesh - Media
... Doordarshan is the state-owned television broadcaster ... Multi system operators provide a mix of Hindi, English, Bengali, Nepali and international channels via cable ...
Lucknow Zoo - History
... the Director of Medical Health Services, Uttar Pradesh as Ex-Officio Administrator ... Advisory Committee consists of the Forest Secretary to the Govt, of Uttar Pradesh as Chairman, Principal Chief Conservator of Forests, Uttar Pradesh as Vice Chairman and ... The Uttar Pradesh Govt, vide letter No ...