United Order

In the Latter Day Saint movement, the United Order (also called the United Order of Enoch) was one of several 19th century church collectivist programs. Early versions of the Order beginning in 1831 attempted to implement the Law of Consecration, a form of Christian communism, modeled after the New Testament church which had "all things in common". These early versions ended after a few years. Later versions within Mormonism, primarily in the Utah Territory, implemented less-ambitious cooperative programs, many of which were very successful. The Order's full name invoked the city of Enoch, described in Latter Day Saint scripture as having such a virtuous and pure-hearted people that God had taken it to heaven. The United Order established egalitarian communities designed to achieve income equality, eliminate poverty, and increase group self-sufficiency. The movement had much in common with other communalist utopian societies formed in the United States and Europe during the Second Great Awakening which sought to govern aspects of people's lives through precepts of faith and community organization. However, the Latter Day Saint United Order was more family and property oriented than the utopian experiments at Brook Farm and the Oneida Community.

Membership in the United Order was voluntary, although during a period in the 1830s it was a requirement of continued church membership. Participants would deed (consecrate) all their property to the United Order, which would in turn deed back an "inheritance" (or "stewardship") which allowed members to control the property; private property was not eradicated but was rather a fundamental principle of this system. At the end of each year, any excess that the family produced from their stewardship was voluntarily given back to the Order. The Order in each community was operated by the local Bishop.

The United Order is not practiced within mainstream Mormonism today; however, a number of groups of Mormon fundamentalists, such as the Apostolic United Brethren, have revived the practice. The United Order was also practiced by a liberal Mormon sect called the United Order Family of Christ.

Read more about United Order:  Under Joseph Smith, Jr., Under Brigham Young, Communalism, Relation To Marxist Communism

Other articles related to "united order, order, united":

Joseph Smith - Life - Life in Ohio (1831–38)
... system within his own church, calling it the United Order of Enoch ... Smith continued to live in Ohio but visited Missouri again in early 1832 in order to prevent a rebellion of prominent Saints, including Cowdery, who believed Zion was being neglected ... led by former Saints who were incensed over the United Order and Smith's political power ...
Christian Communism - History - Pre-Marx - The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints
... Christian communalism called the Law of Consecration, using organizations described as the United Order ... of community cooperatives, which were collectively called the United Order of Enoch ... One of the last United Order cooperatives was located in Orderville, which continued until an 1885 anti-polygamy law enforcement action under the Edmunds Act effectively ended it by jailing many of its leaders ...
United Order - Relation To Marxist Communism
... This United Order was an attempt to eradicate poverty and promote a sense of unity and brotherhood within Latter-day Saint communities ... of the 19th century utopian movement in the United States, and is distinct from both Marxist Communism and capitalism ... The Law of Consecration and the United Order can be compared to Christian communism/communalism, presented in the New Testament as practiced by 1st century Christian saints ...
Cutlerite - Doctrines - United Order
... Cutlerites practice the United Order ... They endeavor to replicate, as far as possible, the ideal of "All Things Common" taught in the early Latter Day Saint church ...
Orderville, Utah - History
... Latter-day Saint leader Brigham Young in 1875 specifically to live United Order, a voluntary form of communalism defined by Joseph Smith ... of these settlers likely contributed significantly to their devotion to the principles of the United Order ... Although the United Order was practiced in many Utah communities during the late 1870s, Orderville was unique in both the level of success it experienced under the ...

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