The Union between Sweden and Norway (Swedish: Svensk-norska unionen, Unionen mellan Sverige och Norge, Norwegian: Unionen mellom Norge og Sverige), officially the United Kingdoms of Sweden and Norway, comprised present-day Sweden and Norway between 1814 and 1905, when they were united under one monarch in a personal union.
Following the Treaty of Kiel and the declaration of Norwegian independence from their previous union with Denmark, a brief war with Sweden resulted in the Convention of Moss on 14 August and the subsequent Norwegian constitutional revision of 4 November 1814. On the same day, the Norwegian parliament elected Charles XIII of Sweden as King of Norway.
The events of 1814 resulted in a union of two sovereign states that had the same King, foreign policies and diplomatic representations. Each had its own independent laws, parliament, government, administration, church, army, and currency. However, the King mostly resided in Stockholm, Swedes were initially viceroys in Norway, and foreign policy was conducted by the king through the Swedish foreign ministry in Stockholm. Later in the 19th century, a union cabinet consisting of ministers from both countries was called to discuss matters of foreign policy.
On 7 July 1905, the union was unilaterally dissolved by the Norwegian parliament following the adoption of legislation to establish a separate Norwegian consular service, which was vetoed by king Oscar II. After negotiations in Karlstad, the peaceful dissolution of the union was formally recognized by Sweden on 26 October 1905. Prince Carl of Denmark was elected as the new King Haakon VII of Norway on 18 November and arrived in Christiania on 23 November.
Other articles related to "union between sweden and norway, norway, union, sweden":
... The events of 1905 put an end to the uneasy Union between Sweden and Norway that was entered into in 1814 — reluctantly by Norway, coerced by superior Swedish force ... The Union of 1814 was the result of a Swedish initiative, while the dissolution of 1905 came about because Norway took the initiative ... The crisis of 1814 was triggered because Sweden saw Norway as legitimate booty of war and as compensation for the loss of Finland in 1809, while Norway based its claim to independence on the ...
... heraldry to denote the equal status of the two kingdoms within the union ... pattern, their respective national flags with the addition of a union badge in the canton, combining the flag colours of both countries ... In addition, the new union badge was to be used as the naval jack and as the flag for the common diplomatic representations abroad ...
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