The Union Association was a league in Major League Baseball which lasted for only one season in 1884. St. Louis won the pennant and joined the National League the following season. Chicago moved to Pittsburgh in late August, and four teams folded during the season and were replaced.
Although the league is conventionally listed as a major league, this status has been questioned by a number of modern baseball historians, most notably Bill James in The Bill James Historical Baseball Abstract. The league had a number of major league players (on the St. Louis franchise, at least), but the league's overall talent and organization was notably inferior to that of the two established major leagues. For example, the league's only "star" player, Fred Dunlap, never achieved similar success in any other major league. In the UA's only season, Dunlap hit .412, 86 points higher than his second-best season and a whopping 120 points higher than his career average. James found that the contemporary Baseball Guides didn't consider the Union Association to be a major league either. The earliest record he could find of the Union Association as a major league was Ernest Lanigan's "The Baseball Cyclopedia", published in 1922.
A relatively modern comparison could be the World Football League of the early 1970s contrasted with the National Football League. The WFL similarly resorted to putting clubs in small cities and collapsed in the middle of a season.
There was also a minor league called the Union Association that operated from 1911 through 1914.
Other articles related to "union, union association, association":
... Burkina Faso A UN member state A None Burma – Republic of the Union of Myanmar A UN member state A None Burundi – Republic of Burundi A UN member state A None Cambodia – Kingdom ... member state None Colombia – Republic of Colombia A UN member state A None Comoros – Union of the Comoros A UN member state A None Comoros is a federation of 3 islands, and claims Mayotte ... (French Guiana, Guadeloupe, Martinique, Mayotte and Réunion) are full, integral parts of France ...
... April 17 – The Union Association opens its inaugural season with 3 games ... May 1 – The Cincinnati Red Stockings of the American Association has a section of their stands collapse as fans are leaving the park following their opening ... Louis Maroons of the Union Association, after starting the season with 20 consecutive wins, lose their first game of the year ...
... In 1884, the Union Association began operation as a third major league and rival to the two major leagues of the day, the National League and American Association ... that got a cup of coffee when they were invited into the Union Association ... The Union Association folded in January 1885 ...
... 1884 – In American Association action, Guy Hecker of the Louisville Eclipse pitches complete games to win both ends of a doubleheader ... July 5 – Al Atkinson jumps from the American Association Philadelphia Athletics to the Union Association Chicago Browns, the first player to jump mid-season to the new league ... Louis Maroons in the Union Association, jumps to the Philadelphia Athletics of the American Association and wins the first of 17 games for Philadelphia, ending ...
Famous quotes containing the words association and/or union:
“The aim of every political association is the preservation of the natural and imprescriptible rights of man. These rights are liberty, property, security and resistance to oppression.”
—French National Assembly. Declaration of the Rights of Man (drafted and discussed August 1789, published September 1791)
“She had brought love to the union and he had brought a longing after the flesh.”
—Zora Neale Hurston (18911960)