Tonlé Sap

The Tonlé Sap (Khmer: ទន្លេសាប, "Large Fresh Water River", but more commonly translated as "Great Lake") is a combined lake and river system of major importance to Cambodia.

The Tonlé Sap is the largest freshwater lake in South East Asia and is an ecological hot spot that was designated as a UNESCO biosphere in 1997.

The Tonlé Sap is unusual for two reasons: its flow changes direction twice a year, and the portion that forms the lake expands and shrinks dramatically with the seasons. From November to May, Cambodia's dry season, the Tonlé Sap drains into the Mekong River at Phnom Penh. However, when the year's heavy rains begin in June, the Tonlé Sap backs up to form an enormous lake.

Read more about Tonlé SapSeasonal Direction of Flow, Sedimentation, Biosphere Reserve, People and Culture

Other articles related to "sap":

Baribour District
... The district borders on the Tonle Sap and the Tonle Sap river forms the northern and eastern borders of the district ... it has an average district population for the province due to the Tonle Sap and the National Highway ...
Drainage Basin - Lower Mekong Basin
... “flow reversal” of water into and out of the Great Lake via the Tonle Sap River ... main crop and is grown on the flood plains of the Tonle Sap, Mekong and Bassac (the Mekong delta distributary known as the Hậu in Vietnam) rivers ... reversal of flow into and out of the Tonle Sap basin from the Mekong River ...
Tonlé Sap Biosphere Reserve - Tonle Sap
... The Lake is linked to the Mekong River by the Tonle Sap River ... rise enough to reverse the flow of the Tonle Sap River causing it to flow back into the lake ...
Southeastern Indochina Dry Evergreen Forests - Setting
... The Tonle Sap-Mekong peat swamp forests and Tonle Sap freshwater swamp forests lie to the southeast, in the seasonally and permanently flooded ...

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