Timeline of Antisemitism - Fifteenth Century

Fifteenth Century

Oppressive legislation against Jews in Spain as an outcome of the preaching of the Dominican friar Vicente Ferrer.
Disputation of Tortosa, Spain, staged by the Avignon Pope Benedict XIII, is followed by forced mass conversions.
All Jews are expelled from Lyons.
Persecutions of Jews in Vienna, known as Wiener Gesera (Vienna Edict), confiscation of their possessions, and forced conversion of Jewish children. 270 Jews burned at stake. Expulsion of Jews from Austria.
Pope Martin V issues a Bull reminding Christians that Christianity was derived from Judaism and warns the friars not to incite against the Jews. The Bull was withdrawn the following year on allegations that the Jews of Rome attained it by fraud.
Council of Basel, Sessio XIX: Jews are forbidden to obtain academic degrees and to act as agents in the conclusion of contracts between Christians.
Massacre and forced conversion of Majorcan Jews.
Establishment of mellahs (ghettos) in Morocco.
Casimir IV renews all the rights of Jews of Poland and makes his charter one of the most liberal in Europe. He revokes it in 1454 at the insistence of Bishop Zbigniew.
The Statute of Toledo introduces the rule of purity of blood discriminating Conversos. Pope Nicholas V condemns it.
Pope Nicholas V authorizes the establishment of the Inquisition to investigate heresy among the Marranos. See also Crypto-Judaism.
Massacres of Marranos of Valladolid, Cordova, Segovia, Ciudad Real, Spain
A student of the preacher Giovanni da Capistrano, Franciscan Bernardine of Feltre, accuses the Jews in murdering an infant, Simon. The entire community is arrested, 15 leaders are burned at the stake, the rest are expelled. In 1588, Pope Sixtus V confirmed Simon's cultus. Saint Simon was considered a martyr and patron of kidnap and torture victims for almost 500 years. In 1965, Pope Paul VI declared the episode a fraud, and decanonized Simon's sainthood.
The Spanish Inquisition is instituted.
Bishop Gennady exposes the heresy of Zhidovstvuyushchiye (Judaizers) in Eastern Orthodoxy of Muscovy.
Tomás de Torquemada burns 6,000 volumes of Jewish mansucripts in Salamanca.
The blood libel in La Guardia, Spain, where the alleged victim Holy Child of La Guardia became revered as a saint.
1492 March 31
Ferdinand II and Isabella issue General Edict on the Expulsion of the Jews from Spain: approx. 200,000. Some return to the Land of Israel. As many localities and entire countries expel their Jewish citizens (after robbing them), and others deny them entrance, the legend of the Wandering Jew, a condemned harbinger of calamity, gains popularity.
1492 October 24
Jews of Mecklenburg, Germany are accused of stabbing a consecrated wafer. 27 Jews are burned, including two women. The spot is still called the Judenberg. All the Jews are expelled from the Duchy.
1493 January 12
Expulsion from Sicily: approx. 37,000.
Forced conversion and expulsion of Jews from Portugal. This included many who fled Spain four years earlier.
Prince Alexander of Lithuania forces most of the Jews to forfeit their property or convert. The main motivation is to cancel the debts the nobles owe to the Jews. Within a short time trade grinds to a halt and the Prince invites the Jews back in.

Read more about this topic:  Timeline Of Antisemitism

Other articles related to "century, fifteenth century, fifteenth":

Relationship Of Cyrillic And Glagolitic Scripts - The "Russian Letters" in Vita Constantini
... presumably prevalently merchants, could have resided in the Crimea in the late ninth century, especially in the port city of Cherson ... been Christianised much earlier, as early as the fourth century by the mission of the bishop Wulfila, and that there is doubtless evidence of Gothic presence in the Crimea (cf ... Gothic, which was recorded as late as the 16th century) ...
Chaucer's Influence On Fifteenth-century Scottish Literature - Not Just “Scottish Chaucerians”
... The fifteenth century is a time of experimentation and “play” with poetry ... The fifteenth-century poets often attempt to generate new meaning from previous poetry by picking apart the old in order to mold it into something new ... As time continues on in the fifteenth century, the authors move further and further away from direct similarity with Chaucer ...
St. George's Church, Sélestat - Construction (8th–15th Century)
... The building was first mentioned in records from the eighth century and was originally a baptismal chapel in the imperial palace built by Charlemagne, which the emperor is believed ... without interruption until the early fifteenth century ... The west end was constructed in the early fourteenth century ...
Condottieri - History
... From the eleventh to the thirteenth century, European soldiers led by professional officers fought against the Muslims in the Crusades (1095–1291) ... Towards the end of the century the Italians began to organize armies of the same description ... From the fifteenth century hence, most condottieri were landless Italian nobles who had chosen the profession of arms as livelihood the most famous of such ...

Famous quotes containing the word fifteenth:

    I too mean to be out of politics. The ratification of the Fifteenth Amendment gives me the boon of equality before the law, terminates my enlistment, and discharges me cured.
    Rutherford Birchard Hayes (1822–1893)