The **TI-83 series** of graphing calculators is manufactured by Texas Instruments. The original TI-83 is itself an upgraded version of the TI-82. Released in 1996, it is one of the most used graphing calculators for students. In addition to the functions present on normal scientific calculators, the TI-83 includes many features, including function graphing, polar/parametric/sequence graphing modes, statistics, trigonometric, and algebraic functions. Although it does not include as many calculus functions, applications (for the TI-83 Plusâ€”see below) and programs can be downloaded from certain websites, or written on the calculator.

TI replaced the TI-83 with the **TI-83 Plus** calculator in 1999, which included flash memory, enabling the device's operating system to be updated if needed, or for large new Flash Applications to be stored, accessible through a new Apps key. The Flash memory can also be used to store user programs and data. In 2001, the TI-83 Plus Silver Edition was released, which featured approximately nine times the available Flash memory, and over twice the processing speed (15 MHz) of a standard TI-83 Plus, all in a translucent "sparkle" grey case.

The TI-83 was the first calculator in the TI series to have built in assembly language support. The TI-92, TI-85, and TI-82 were capable of running assembly language programs, but only after sending a specially constructed (hacked) memory backup. The support on the TI-83 could be accessed through a hidden feature of the calculator. Users would write their assembly (ASM) program on their computer, assemble it, and send it to their calculator as a program. The user would then execute the command "Send (9prgm*XXX*" (where *XXX* is the name of the program), and it would execute the program. Successors of the TI-83 replaced the Send backdoor with a less-hidden Asm command.

The TI-83 was redesigned twice, first in 1999 and again in 2001. The 1999 redesign introduced a design very similar to the TI-73 and TI-83 Plus, eliminating the sloped screen that has been common on TI graphing calculators since the TI-81. The 2001 redesign (nicknamed the TI-83 "Parcus") introduced a slightly different shape to the calculator, eliminated the glossy screen border, and reduced cost by streamlining the printed circuit board to four units.

Read more about TI-83 Series: TI-83 Plus, TI-83 Plus Silver Edition, TI-84 Plus Series, Technical Specifications, Programming, Signing Keys

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**TI-83 Series**- Signing Keys

... In 2009, a group of enthusiasts used brute force and distributed methods to find all of the cryptographic signing keys for the calculator firmwares, allowing users to directly flash their own operating systems to the devices ... The key for the TI-83+ calculator was first published by someone at the unitedti.org forum ...

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