Test cricket is the longest form of the sport of cricket. Test matches are played between national representative teams with "Test status", as determined by the International Cricket Council (ICC), with four innings played between two teams of 11 players over a period of up to a maximum five days. It is generally considered the ultimate test of playing ability and endurance in the sport. The origin of the name Test stems from the fact that the long, gruelling match is a "test" of the relative strength of the two sides.
The first officially recognised Test match commenced on 15 March 1877, contested by England and Australia at the Melbourne Cricket Ground (MCG), where Australia won by 45 runs. England won the second match (also at the MCG) by four wickets, thus drawing the series 1–1. This was not the first international cricket match, however. That was played between Canada and the United States, on 24 and 25 September 1844.
A Test match to celebrate 100 years of Test cricket was held in Melbourne from 12 to 17 March 1977. In this match, Australia beat England by 45 runs. In a remarkable co-incidence, this is the same margin as the result of the first Test match in 1877, which the 1977 match was commemorating.
On October 29, 2012 The International Cricket Council paved the way for the staging of day-night Test matches.
Other articles related to "test, test cricket, tests, cricket":
... The final Test at the Oval was played in hot weather and Murdoch created a then-record score of 211, the first double-century in Test cricket ... out of 158, Murdoch and Scott completed the first double-century partnership in Test cricket ... England, as the score mounted, used 11 bowlers the first time in Test cricket that an entire team including the wicketkeeper was called upon to bowl ...
... There was no Test cricket in South Africa that season, but the following year, England toured, and Curnow made an unbeaten 83 in an early-season match against the touring side ... That led to his selection for the first Test match of the five-game series, but he was not a success, scoring just 13 and 8 ... He was dropped for the second Test, but reappeared in the South Africa side for the third and fourth Tests ...
... List of Test cricket records List of Australia Test cricket records List of Australia Test cricket records against South Africa ...
... This is a list of Australian Test cricket records against South Africa ... It is based on the List of Australia Test cricket records, but concentrates solely on records dealing with the Australian Test cricket team, and any cricketers who have played for that team, against the ... Australia played its first recognised Test cricket match against South Africa in October 1902, and the records listed here date from that time ...
Famous quotes containing the words cricket and/or test:
“All cries are thin and terse;
The field has droned the summers final mass;
A cricket like a dwindled hearse
Crawls from the dry grass.”
—Richard Wilbur (b. 1921)
“The test of a first-rate intelligence is the ability to hold two opposed ideas in the mind at the same time, and still retain the ability to function.”
—F. Scott Fitzgerald (18961940)