Temasek

Temasek ('Sea Town' in Old Javanese, spelt Tumasik) was the name of an early city on the site of modern Singapore. From the 14th century, the island has also been known as Singapura, which is derived from Sanskrit and means "Lion City". Legend has it that the name was given by Sang Nila Utama when he visited the island in 1299 and saw an unknown creature, which he mistook as a lion.

While the early history of Singapore is obscured by myth and legend, some conclusions can be drawn from archaeological evidence and from written references by travellers. Archaeology points to an urbanised settlement on the site by the 14th century. Allusions by travellers give some evidence that there may have been a city or town present as early as the 2nd century. At its height, the city boasted a large earthen city wall and moat; many of the buildings were built with stone and brick foundations. Remains of old pottery, coins, jewellery and other artifacts have been found, with many of these artifacts believed to be imported from various parts of China, India, Sri Lanka, and Indonesia. These are sometimes seen as evidence of the city's status as a regional trade centre. An aquatic route which is part of the larger Silk route, passes through Temasek.

From the 7th to the 13th centuries, the island of Singapore was controlled by the Srivijaya empire based in Sumatra. By the emergence of Temasek as a fortified city and trading centre in the 14th century, the Srivijaya empire was in a long period of decline. The city was conquered by the Majapahit empire in 1401 and changed hands several times before coming under the influence of the Sultanate of Malacca Vassal of the Kingdom of Siam, in the 15th century. After the fall of Malacca to the Portuguese in 1511, the island came under the control of the Malay Sultanate of Johor a vassal of the Kingdom of Siam. When overtaken by the British, the King of Siam ordered the Garrison of Temasik to return rather than create an incident the British could use to acquire more of Siam's Western border.

Read more about Temasek:  Singapore's National Honours

Other articles related to "temasek":

Temasek Holdings' Investments - Time Line of Investments - 2009
... In the first quarter, Temasek Holdings sold its entire 3% stake in Bank of America at a substantial loss ... In May, Temasek bought 13.5 billion of China Construction Bank (CCB) shares at HK$4.20 each from Bank of America, increasing its stake in CCB to 6.5% ... In June, Temasek Holdings confirmed reports that it had sold its entire stake in British bank, Barclays Plc, at a substantial loss ...
Temasek Holdings' Investments - Time Line of Investments - 2008
... power generation companies - in March, Temasek sold Tuas Power to China Huaneng Group for US$2.8 billion in September, it sold Senoko Power to a consortium led by Japanese ... In December, Temasek sold its 70 percent stake in Singapore Food Industries Ltd ... In December, Standard Chartered says Temasek will retain 18.8% stake in the bank after subscribing to its rights issue, or 356.6 million ordinary shares ...
Temasek - Singapore's National Honours
... The Republic's two most important national honours are titled Bintang Temasek (The Star of Temasek for acts of exceptional courage and skill or exhibited ... Other institutions that bear the name Temasek Life Sciences Laboratory, at National University of Singapore Temasek Laboratories, at Nanyang Technological University Temasek Polytechnic Temasek Junior ...
Temasek Polytechnic
... Temasek Polytechnic (Abbreviation TP Chinese 淡马锡理工学院 Malay Politeknik Temasek) is the third polytechnic to be set up in Singapore ... Temasek Polytechnic has approximately 15,000 full-time students and more than 1,200 academic and administrative staff ... Temasek Polytechnic has received The Public Service Excellence Award, People Developer Award, Singapore Quality Class as well as ISO 9001 and ISO 14000 certifications ...
Bintang Temasek
... Bintang Temasek (The Star of Temasek) is Singapore's most prestigious national honour and was instituted in 1970 ... The badge of the Bintang Temasek may be awarded to any member of the Singapore Armed Forces, the Singapore Police Force or the Singapore Civil Defence Force who has ...