A surname DNA project is a genetic genealogy project which uses genealogical DNA tests to trace male lineage.
(In most cultures there are still few or no matrilineal surnames, or matrinames, so there are still few or no matrilineal surname projects. But note that DNA tests are equally important for the two genders, see genealogical DNA test.)
Because (patrilineal) surnames are passed down from father to son in many cultures, and Y-chromosomes (Y-DNA) are passed from father to son with a predictable rate of mutation, people with the same surname can use genealogical DNA testing to determine if they share a common ancestor within recent history.
When two males share a surname, a test of their Y-chromosome markers will determine either that they are not related, or that they are related. If they are related, the number of markers tested and the number of matches at those markers determines the range of generations until their most recent common ancestor (MRCA). If the two tests match on 37 markers, there is a 90% probability that the MRCA was less than 5 generations ago and a 95% probability that the MRCA was less than 8 generations ago.
Other articles related to "surname dna project, dna, surname":
... The Y chromosome has been studied intensely and divided into Human Y-chromosome DNA haplogroups, based upon the results of the number of alleles in certain positions called markers ... The article Harris (name) is a useful example, chosen for its links to two surname projects and its discussion of haplogroups for one of them ... Other surname-project examples are available through the external links below ...
Famous quotes containing the words project and/or dna:
“I wish to come to know you get to know you all
Let your belief in me and me in you stand tall
Just like a project of which no one tells
Or do ya still think that Im somebody else?”
—John Ashbery (b. 1927)
“Here [in London, history] ... seemed the very fabric of things, as if the city were a single growth of stone and brick, uncounted strata of message and meaning, age upon age, generated over the centuries to the dictates of some now all-but-unreadable DNA of commerce and empire.”
—William Gibson (b. 1948)