Supercomputing in China - Progress

Progress

Comparison (November 2012)
Country Top speed
(Tflops)
Number of
computers
in TOP500
China 33860 61
France 1050 25
Germany 826 30
Japan 10510 26
Russia 350 12
South Korea 316 4
United Kingdom 275 27
United States 17590 255

The progress of supercomputing in China in the early part of the 21st century has been dramatic, in that it placed 51st in June 2003, then 14th in November 2003 and 10th in June 2004 and then 5th during 2005. By mid-2010 it had reached the 2nd spot and at the end of 2010 the top spot.

To date, Chinese supercomputers have used "off the shelf" processors, e.g. Tianhe-1 uses thousands of Intel and Nvidia chips, and uses the Linux operating system which is open source software. However, to avoid possible future technology embargo restrictions, the Chinese are developing their own processors such as the Loongson, a MIPS type processor.

According to the MIT Technology Review, the Loongson processor will power the Dawning supercomputers by 2012, producing a line of totally Chinese made supercomputers that reach petaflop speeds.

Read more about this topic:  Supercomputing In China

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