Sucrose

Sucrose is the organic compound commonly known as table sugar and sometimes called saccharose. A white, odorless, crystalline powder with a sweet taste, it is best known for its nutritional role. The molecule is a disaccharide composed of the monosaccharides glucose and fructose with the molecular formula C12H22O11. The word was formed in mid-19th century from Latin sucrum = "sugar" and the chemical suffix -ose.

The world produced about 168 million tonnes of table sugar in 2011.

Read more about Sucrose:  Physical and Chemical Properties, Synthesis and Biosynthesis of Sucrose, As A Food, Metabolism of Sucrose, Human Health, Trade and Economics

Other articles related to "sucrose":

Sugars In Wine - Sucrose
... In most wines, there will be very little sucrose, since it is not a natural constituent of grapes and sucrose added for the purpose of ... wines, to which an amount of liqueur d'expédition (typically sucrose dissolved in a still wine) is added after the second fermentation in bottle, a practice known as dosage ...
Sucrose - Trade and Economics
... Many countries subsidize sugar production heavily ... The European Union, the United States, Japan, and many developing countries subsidize domestic production and maintain high tariffs on imports ...
Levansucrase
... Other names in common use include sucrose 6-fructosyltransferase, beta-2,6-fructosyltransferase, and beta-2,6-fructanD-glucose 1-fructosyltransferase ... This enzyme participates in starch and sucrose metabolism and two-component system - general ...
Sucrose Phosphorylase - Metabolic Function
... As mentioned above, sucrose phosphorylase is a very important enzyme in metabolism ... The reaction catalyzed by sucrose phosphorylase produces the valuable byproducts α-D-glucose-1-phosphate and fructose ... Through these reactions, sucrose phosphorylase becomes important in the regulation of metabolic functions ...
Sucrose-phosphate Synthase
... In enzymology, a sucrose-phosphate synthase (EC 2.4.1.14) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction UDP-glucose + D-fructose 6-phosphate UDP + sucrose 6-phosphate Thus, the two ... SPS, uridine diphosphoglucose-fructose phosphate glucosyltransferase, sucrose 6-phosphate synthase, sucrose phosphate synthetase, and sucrose phosphate ... This enzyme participates in starch and sucrose metabolism ...