Starvation is a severe deficiency in caloric energy, nutrient and vitamin intake. It is the most extreme form of malnutrition. In humans, prolonged starvation can cause permanent organ damage and eventually, death. The term inanition refers to the symptoms and effects of starvation.

According to the World Health Organization, hunger is the single gravest threat to the world's public health. The WHO also states that malnutrition is by far the biggest contributor to child mortality, present in half of all cases. Six million children die of hunger every year. Figures on actual starvation are difficult to come by, but according to the FAO, the less severe condition of undernourishment currently affects about 925 million people, or about 14% of the world population.

The bloated stomach, as seen in the picture to the right, represents a form of malnutrition called kwashiorkor which is caused by protein deficiency combined with inadequate caloric consumption. Children are more vulnerable to kwashiorkor whose advanced symptoms include weight loss and muscle wasting. It is quite common to depict a thin child with a bloated stomach as starving, but in reality, such child is malnourished.

Read more about Starvation:  Common Causes, Signs and Symptoms, Biochemistry, Starvation Statistics, As Capital Punishment

Other articles related to "starvation":

Starvation - As Capital Punishment
... has original text related to this article The Women of the Caesars Historically, starvation has been used as a death sentence ... In ancient Greco-Roman societies, starvation was sometimes used to dispose of guilty upper class citizens, especially erring female members of patrician families ... granddaughter of Augustus and the mother of Caligula), also died of starvation, in 33 AD ...
Starvation Creek State Park
... Starvation Creek State Park is a state park located west of Hood River, Oregon in the Columbia River Gorge ... It was named Starvation Creek because a train was stopped there by snow drifts and passengers had to dig the train out ... Starvation Creek has a small waterfall and a trailhead for hiking ...
Tentative Wound - Starvation
... However, death as a result of self-starvation in AN is not listed on death certificates as suicide ... Starvation has been used by Hindu and Jain monks as a ritual method of penance (known as Prayopavesa and Santhara respectively), and Albigensians or Cathars also fasted after receiving the 'consolamentum' sacrament ...
Starvation Lake
... Starvation Lake is a small recreational and fishing lake in Kalkaska County, in the U.S ... Before help could arrive he had died from starvation ... so they were stranded there and died from starvation ...
Starvation State Park - History
... are various narratives explaining the name Starvation ... a local Native American cache of food, which resulted in their starvation ... These settlers dealt with near-starvation in a hostile environment ...

Famous quotes containing the word starvation:

    And who is any of us, that without starvation he can go through the kingdoms of starvation?
    Haniel Long (1888–1956)

    In a country where misery and want were the foundation of the social structure, famine was periodic, death from starvation common, disease pervasive, thievery normal, and graft and corruption taken for granted, the elimination of these conditions in Communist China is so striking that negative aspects of the new rule fade in relative importance.
    Barbara Tuchman (1912–1989)

    The spectacle of misery grew in its crushing volume. There seemed to be no end to the houses full of hunted starved children. Children with dysentery, children with scurvy, children at every stage of starvation.... We learned to know that the barometer of starvation was the number of children deserted in any community.
    Mary Heaton Vorse (1874–1966)