Soviet Republic

Soviet republic, a republic ruled by soviets (workers' councils), may refer to one of the following:

  • Bolshevik Russia and the Russian SFSR after the Russian Revolution of 1917 and during the Russian Civil War.
  • Any of the Republics of the Soviet Union.
  • Any of several short-lived communist revolutionary governments that were established after the Russian Revolution under its influence:
    • Arbeiter- und Soldatenräte (Workers' and Soldiers' Councils) established throughout Germany, beginning in Kiel, during the German Revolution of November 1918, including Bremen, Braunschweig, Würzburg, Munich (Bavarian Soviet Republic (1918–1919)) and Alsace (Alsace Soviet Republic (8–22 November 1918)).
    • Bukharan People's Soviet Republic (October 1920–September 1924), established by Bolshevik communists on the territory of the Emirate of Bukhara.
    • Bukharan Soviet Socialist Republic (September 1924–February 1925), short-lived successor of the Bukharan People's Soviet Republic, predecessor of Uzbek SSR.
    • Chinese Soviet Republic, also known as the "Jiangxi Soviet" (1931–1934): led by Mao Zedong's faction of the Communist Party of China.
    • Commune of the Working People of Estonia (November 1918–February 1919).
    • Finnish Socialist Workers' Republic (January–April 1918) in the south of Finland only: Social Democratic Party of Finland.
    • Galician Soviet Socialist Republic (9 July–21 September 1920), created in Soviet-occupied territory during the Polish–Soviet War.
    • Hunan Soviet (ca. 1927): Communist Party of China.
    • Hungarian Soviet Republic (1919): Hungarian Communist Party.
    • Limerick Soviet (15–27 April 1919) established by Limerick trade union council during a general strike against British military rule.
    • Lithuanian–Belorussian Soviet Socialist Republic (February–August 1919).
    • Persian Socialist Soviet Republic also known as the Soviet Republic of Gilan (June 1920–September 1921).
    • Republic of Užice (1941), a Partisan-governed military state during World War II.
    • Slovak Soviet Republic (16 June–7 July 1919), directly supported by the Hungarian one.
    • Soviet Republic of Naissaar, on an island in the Baltic Sea (1917–1918).
  • The Soviet republic (system of government) implemented in the USSR and other soviet republics.

See also: Socialist state, Communist state

Other articles related to "soviet republic, republics, soviet, republic":

Subdivisions Of The Russian Empire - Soviet Republic
... The Russian SFSR comprised 16 autonomous republics, five autonomous oblasts, 10 autonomous okrugs, six krais, and 40 oblasts ... Uyezds and volosts were abolished by the Soviet administrative reform of 1923–1929 ...
Socialist Soviet Republic Of Abkhazia
... The Socialist Soviet Republic of Abkhazia (SSR Abkhazia or SSRA Russian Социалистическая Советская Республика Абхазия) was a ... SSR Abkhazia never became a Union-level republic within the Soviet Union, despite the explicit expression of willingness and intent in its 1925 Constitution (Article 4) ... It had a special status of a “treaty republic” associated with the Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic through which Abkhazia was part of the Transcaucasian ...
Soviet Central Asia - Administrative Divisions - Former Divisions - Khorezm People's Soviet Republic and SSR
... The Khorezm People's Soviet Republic was created as the successor to the Khanate of Khiva in February 1920 and officially declared on 26 April 1920 ... On 20 October 1923, it was transformed into the Khorezm Socialist Soviet Republic ...
Eugen Levine - Bavarian Soviet Republic
... joined the Communist Party of Germany and helped to create a socialist republic in Bavaria ... However, the republic lasted only several weeks, replaced quickly by a soviet republic after the assassination of Kurt Eisner, then leader of the ... The ruling government of the new republic lasted only six days, due to poor leadership under the German playwright Ernst Toller ...

Famous quotes containing the words republic and/or soviet:

    History in the making is a very uncertain thing. It might be better to wait till the South American republic has got through with its twenty-fifth revolution before reading much about it. When it is over, some one whose business it is, will be sure to give you in a digested form all that it concerns you to know, and save you trouble, confusion, and time. If you will follow this plan, you will be surprised to find how new and fresh your interest in what you read will become.
    Anna C. Brackett (1836–1911)

    Today he plays jazz; tomorrow he betrays his country.
    —Stalinist slogan in the Soviet Union (1920s)