Soviet–German War

Soviet–German War

Campaigns of World War II
Phoney War
Winter War
Denmark & Norway
France & Benelux
Yugoslav Front
Eastern Front
Western Front (1944–45)
Asia & The Pacific
Pacific Ocean
South-East Asia
South West Pacific
Manchuria (1945)
Mediterranean and Middle East Theatre
North Africa
East Africa
Mediterranean Sea
Southern France
Other campaigns
Strategic Bombing
French West Africa
Contemporaneous wars
Chinese Civil
Soviet–Japanese Border
Ili Rebellion
Eastern Front

Naval warfare

  • Baltic Sea
  • Black Sea
    • Rösselsprung
    • Wunderland


  • Barbarossa
    • Białystok and Minsk
    • Raseiniai
    • 1st Smolensk
    • Uman
    • 1st Kiev
    • Leningrad
    • Sevastopol
    • Rostov
    • Moscow
  • Finland
  • Chechnya


  • Rzhev
    • Toropets and Kholm
    • Demyansk
    • Velikiye Luki
    • Mars
  • 2nd Kharkov
  • Case Blue
  • Stalingrad
    • Uranus
    • Winter Storm
    • Little Saturn


  • Iskra
  • 3rd Kharkov
  • Kursk
  • 2nd Smolensk
  • Lower Dnieper
  • 2nd Kiev


  • Dnieper and Carpathian
  • Leningrad and Novgorod
  • Narva
  • Hube's Pocket
  • Crimea
  • 1st Jassy–Kishinev
  • Karelia
  • Bagration
  • Lvov and Sandomierz
  • 2nd Jassy–Kishinev
  • Baltics
  • Debrecen
  • Dukla Pass
  • Belgrade
  • Petsamo and Kirkenes
  • Hungary


  • Vistula and Oder
  • East Prussia
  • East Pomerania
  • Solstice
  • Silesia
  • Vienna
  • Berlin
  • Czechoslovakia
  • German capitulation

The Eastern Front of World War II was a theatre of World War II between the European Axis powers and co-belligerent Finland against the Soviet Union, Poland, Norway and some other Allies which encompassed Northern, Southern and Eastern Europe from 22 June 1941 to 9 May 1945. It was known by many different names depending on the nation, notably the Great Patriotic War (Russian: Великая Отечественная Война) in the former Soviet Union, while known in Germany as the Eastern Front (German: die Ostfront), the Eastern Campaign (German: der Ostfeldzug) or the Russian Campaign (German: der Rußlandfeldzug).

The battles on the Eastern Front constituted the largest military confrontation in history. They were characterized by unprecedented ferocity, wholesale destruction, mass deportations, and immense loss of life variously due to combat, starvation, exposure, disease, and massacres. The Eastern Front, as the site of nearly all extermination camps, death marches, ghettos, and the majority of pogroms, was central to the Holocaust. Of the estimated 70 million deaths attributed to World War II, over 30 million, many of them civilians, died on the Eastern Front. The Eastern Front was decisive in determining the outcome of World War II, eventually serving as the main reason for Germany's defeat. It resulted in the destruction of the Third Reich, the partition of Germany for nearly half a century and the rise of the Soviet Union as a military and industrial superpower.

The two principal belligerent powers were Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union, along with their respective allies. Though never engaged in military action in the Eastern Front, the United Kingdom and the United States both provided substantial material aid to the Soviet Union. The Soviet–Finnish Continuation War may be considered the northern flank of the Eastern Front. In addition, the joint German–Finnish operations across the northernmost Finnish–Soviet border and in the Murmansk region are also considered part of the Eastern Front.

Read more about Soviet–German War:  Background, Forces, Conduct of Operations, Results, Leadership, Repression in Occupied States, Industrial Output, Casualties, See Also

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Famous quotes containing the word war:

    Our young people have come to look upon war as a kind of beneficent deity, which not only adds to the national honor but uplifts a nation and develops patriotism and courage. That is all true. But it is only fair, too, to let them know that the garments of the deity are filthy and that some of her influences debase and befoul a people.
    Rebecca Harding Davis (1831–1910)