Southern Ireland (Irish: Deisceart Éireann) was a short-lived autonomous region of the United Kingdom, proclaimed on 3 May 1921 and formally dissolved on 6 December 1922. It was never effectively established.
Southern Ireland was established under the Government of Ireland Act 1920 together with its sister region, Northern Ireland. It was envisaged that Southern Ireland would have the following institutions:
- a Parliament of Southern Ireland, consisting of the King, the Senate of Southern Ireland, and the House of Commons of Southern Ireland;
- a Government of Southern Ireland;
- the Supreme Court of Judicature of Southern Ireland;
- the Court of Appeal in Southern Ireland; and
- His Majesty's High Court of Justice in Southern Ireland.
It was also envisaged that Southern Ireland would share the following institutions with Northern Ireland:
- the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland;
- a Council of Ireland; and
- a High Court of Appeal for Ireland.
The Parliament, although legally established, never functioned (for example, it never passed an Act). The House of Commons of Southern Ireland met just once with only four members present. No Government of Southern Ireland was ever established either. The Council of Ireland was to be established "with a view to the eventual establishment of a Parliament for the whole of Ireland", but it never came into being. The notable exception to the failure of the institutions of Southern Ireland was its courts, all of which functioned.
Other articles related to "southern ireland, ireland, southern":
... The Parliament of Southern Ireland was a home rule legislature set up by the British Government during the Irish War of Independence under the Fourth Home Rule Bill ... It was designed to legislate for Southern Ireland, a political entity which was created by the British Government to solve the issue of rising Irish nationalism and the issue of partitionism, whilst retaining Ireland ... The Parliament as two houses sat only once, in the Royal College of Science for Ireland in Merrion Street ...
... the purpose of the members elected to sit in the House of Commons of Southern Ireland" The Treaty, in specifying a "meeting of members", did not say that the Treaty needed to be approved by the House of ... Notably, it was not convened by Viscount FitzAlan, the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, who, under the Government of Ireland Act 1920, was the office-holder with the entitlement to convene a meeting of the ... The Provisional Government of Southern Ireland envisaged under the Treaty was constituted on 14 January 1922 at the above-mentioned meeting of members of the Parliament elected for ...
... The Government of Ireland Act 1920 established a devolved home rule legislature, within the United Kingdom, for twenty-six Irish counties which were designated Southern Ireland ... NUI was given four seats in the House of Commons of Southern Ireland ...
... would have provided were 200 miles further out into the Atlantic than those in Northern Ireland and Great Britain ... A route via Ireland's southern coast was compromised due to the fall of French airfields, exposing convoys to German air attacks, which accounted for most ... Iceland, not Ireland, was the geographic key to the war in the Atlantic ...
... The ownership of the Lough is disputed, but the Southern Irish authorities are tacitly not pressing their claim in present conditions and are also ignoring any flying by our aircraft over the Donegal shore of ... aircraft based on Lough Erne of a corridor over Southern Irish territory and territorial waters for the purpose of flying out to the Atlantic ... broadening of reports by their Air observation Corps of aircraft sighted over or approaching Southern Irish territory ...
Famous quotes containing the words ireland and/or southern:
“They call them the haunted shores, these stretches of Devonshire and Cornwall and Ireland which rear up against the westward ocean. Mists gather here, and sea fog, and eerie stories. Thats not because there are more ghosts here than in other places, mind you. Its just that people who live hereabouts are strangely aware of them.”
—Dodie Smith, and Lewis Allen. Roderick Fitzgerald (Ray Milland)
“No: until I want the protection of Massachusetts to be extended to me in some distant Southern port, where my liberty is endangered, or until I am bent solely on building up an estate at home by peaceful enterprise, I can afford to refuse allegiance to Massachusetts, and her right to my property and life. It costs me less in every sense to incur the penalty of disobedience to the State than it would to obey. I should feel as if I were worth less in that case.”
—Henry David Thoreau (18171862)