Solid is one of the four fundamental states of matter (the others being liquid, gas, and plasma). It is characterized by structural rigidity and resistance to changes of shape or volume. Unlike a liquid, a solid object does not flow to take on the shape of its container, nor does it expand to fill the entire volume available to it like a gas does. The atoms in a solid are tightly bound to each other, either in a regular geometric lattice (crystalline solids, which include metals and ordinary water ice) or irregularly (an amorphous solid such as common window glass).
The branch of physics that deals with solids is called solid-state physics, and is the main branch of condensed matter physics (which also includes liquids). Materials science is primarily concerned with the physical and chemical properties of solids. Solid-state chemistry is especially concerned with the synthesis of novel materials, as well as the science of identification and chemical composition.
Other articles related to "solid":
2D format previously used in the 1990 MSX2 game Metal Gear 2 Solid Snake while adding a few new elements introduced in Metal Gear Solid ... flatten himself into walls like he does in Metal Gear Solid. 180 missions (some of them based on missions featured in Metal Gear Solid VR Missions), and a 2-player Vs ...
... During coagulation the mixture separates into curds (solid) and whey (liquid), then the whey is drained off ... out of the moisture yields the malleable solid results of pot cheese, whilst even more pressing makes farmer cheese, which is solid, dry and crumbly ...
... The Einstein solid is a model of a solid based on two assumptions Each atom in the lattice is an independent 3D quantum harmonic oscillator All atoms ...
... Solid mechanics is the branch of mechanics, physics, and mathematics that concerns the behavior of solid matter under external actions (e.g ... One of the most common practical applications of solid mechanics is the Euler-Bernoulli beam equation ... Solid mechanics extensively uses tensors to describe stresses, strains, and the relationship between them ...
... In principle, BubbleDeck® slabs acts like solid slabs ... Designing is consequently like for solid slabs, just with less load corresponding to the reduced amount of concrete ... in Germany, Netherlands and Denmark, concluding that a BubbleDeck slab acts like as a solid slab ...
Famous quotes containing the word solid:
“When much intercourse with a friend has supplied us with a standard of excellence, and has increased our respect for the resources of God who thus sends a real person to outgo our ideal; when he has, moreover, become an object of thought, and, whilst his character retains all its unconscious effect, is converted in the mind into solid and sweet wisdom,it is a sign to us that his office is closing, and he is commonly withdrawn from our sight in a short time.”
—Ralph Waldo Emerson (18031882)
“O God, that one might read the book of fate,
And see the revolution of the times
Make mountains level, and the continent,
Weary of solid firmness, melt itself
Into the sea.”
—William Shakespeare (15641616)
“Every winter the liquid and trembling surface of the pond, which was so sensitive to every breath, and reflected every light and shadow, becomes solid to the depth of a foot or a foot and a half, so that it will support the heaviest teams, and perchance the snow covers it to an equal depth, and it is not to be distinguished from any level field. Like the marmots in the surrounding hills, it closes its eyelids and becomes dormant for three months or more.”
—Henry David Thoreau (18171862)