Sofer

A Sofer, Sopher, Sofer SeTaM, or Sofer ST"M (Heb: "scribe", סופר סת”ם) is a Jewish scribe who can transcribe Torah scrolls, tefillin and mezuzot, and other religious writings. (ST"M, סת”ם, is an abbreviation for Sefer Torahs, Tefillin, and Mezuzot. The plural of sofer is "soferim", סופרים.)

By simple definition, a sofer is a copyist, but in their religious role in Judaism they are much more. Besides Torah scrolls, Tefillin, and Mezuzot, scribes are also necessary for the writing of megillot (scrolls of the Song of Songs, Book of Ruth, Book of Esther, Ecclesiastes, and Book of Lamentations), Nevi'im (the books of the prophets, used for reading the haftarah), and for gittin—divorce documents. Also many scribes function as calligraphers—writing functional documents such as marriage contracts, or ornamental and artistic renditions of religious texts—which do not require any scribal qualifications, and to which the rules on lettering and parchment specifications do not apply.

The major Jewish law (Halakha) pertaining to "Sofrut," the practice of scribal arts, is in the Talmud in the tractate Maseket Sofrim. In the Torah's 613 Mitzvot (commandments) the 613th is that every Jew should write a Sefer Torah in their lifetime.(Deut. 31:19)

Read more about SoferQualifications and Education, Documents Written By Scribes, Calligraphy and Lettering, See Also

Other articles related to "sofer":

Sofer - See Also
... Klaf List of sofers Scribe Soferet Tiqqun soferim. ...
List Of Dead Like Me Characters - Rube Sofer
... Reuben John Sofer (Mandy Patinkin) is the leader of the Club ... as "peanut", the nickname he called his daughter Rosie Sofer ... envelope, Rube's last name was originally "Stofer" but this was later changed to "Sofer" ...
Pressburg Yeshiva (Jerusalem)
... It was founded in 1950 by Rabbi Akiva Sofer (known as the Daas Sofer), a great-grandson of Rabbi Moses Sofer (the Chasam Sofer), who established the original Pressburg Yeshiva in the Austrian-Hungarian Empire in 1807 ... As of 2009, the rosh yeshiva is Rabbi Simcha Bunim Sofer ...
Kollel Shomrei Ha Chomos
... "Nesyim" or "Presidents of the Kolel, Avroham Shmuel Binyamin Sofer, author of Ketav Sofer, and Meir Eisenstein ... In honor of these two leaders the Hungarian Kolel was also called "House of Sofer and Meir" ...
Scribes - Sofer - Sofer Accuracy
... While there are other items found among the Dead Sea Scrolls not currently in the Hebrew Bible, the texts on the whole testify to the accuracy of the scribes copying down through the ages, though many variations and errors occurred ... The Dead Sea Scrolls are currently the best route of comparison to the accuracy and consistency of translation for the Hebrew Bible, due to their date of origin being the oldest out of any Biblical text currently known ...