Sheikh Mujibur Rahman

Sheikh Mujibur Rahman (Bengali: শেখ মুজিবুর রহমান Shekh Mujibur Rôhman) (March 17, 1920 – August 15, 1975) was a Bengali nationalist politician and the founder of Bangladesh. He headed the Awami League, served as the first President of Bangladesh and later became its Prime Minister of Bangladesh. He is popularly referred to as Sheikh Mujib (shortened as Mujib or Mujibur, not Rahman), and with the honorary title of Bangabandhu (বঙ্গবন্ধু Bôngobondhu, "Friend of Bengal"). His eldest daughter Sheikh Hasina is the present leader of the Awami League and the current Prime Minister of Bangladesh.

A student political leader, Mujib rose in East Bengali (from 1956, East Pakistan) politics and within the ranks of the Awami League as a charismatic and forceful orator. An advocate of socialism, Mujib became popular for his leadership against the ethnic and institutional discrimination of Bengalis. He demanded increased provincial autonomy, and became a fierce opponent of the military rule of Ayub Khan. At the heightening of sectional tensions, Mujib outlined a 6-point autonomy plan, which was seen as separatism in West Pakistan. He was tried in 1968 for allegedly conspiring with the Indian government but was not found guilty. Despite leading his party to a major victory in the 1970 elections, Mujib was not invited to form the government.

During his nine month detention, guerilla war erupted between government forces and Bengali nationalists aided by India . An all out war between the Pakistan Army and Bangladesh-India Joint Forces led to the establishment of Bangladesh, and after his release Mujib assumed office as a provisional president, and later prime minister. Even as a constitution was adopted, proclaiming socialism and a secular democracy, Mujib struggled to address the challenges of intense poverty and unemployment, coupled with rampant corruption. In the aftermath of the 1974 famine and amidst rising political agitation, he banned other political parties and most of the newspapers but four Government owned. He established a one party state. After only seven months, Mujib was assassinated along with most of his family by a group of army officers.

Read more about Sheikh Mujibur RahmanEarly Life, Early Political Career, Leader of East Pakistan, 1970 Elections and Independence, Liberation War, 1971, Governing Bangladesh, BAKSAL, Assassination, Criticism and Legacy, Film, Autobiography

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History Of Pakistan - Modern Day Pakistan - First Military Era (1958–1971) - Martial Law in Pakistan (1969–1971)
... The Awami League, led by Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, won a majority with 167 of the 169 East Pakistani seats, but with no seats in West Pakistan, where the Pakistan Peoples Party (PPP) led ... Eventually, under Bhutto's pressure, Yahya Khan refused to hand over power to Sheikh Mujibur Rahman ... Meanwhile, Sheikh Mujibur Rahman initiated a civil disobedience movement, which was strongly supported by the general population of East Pakistan, including ...
Bangladeshi Declaration Of Independence - Spread of The Declaration
... A telegram containing the text of Sheikh Mujibur Rahman's message reached some students in Chittagong ... into an area controlled by an East Bengal Regiment under Major Ziaur Rahman ... At 745 PM on 26 March 1971, Major Ziaur Rahman broadcast announcement of the declaration of independence on behalf of Sheikh Mujibur Rahman ...
Assassination Of Sheikh Mujibur Rahman
... The assassination of Sheikh Mujibur Rahman took place in the early hours of August 15, 1975, when a group of junior Bangladesh Army officers invaded Sheikh Mujibur Rahman's residence with tanks ... At the time of his assassination, Sheikh Mujibur Rahman was serving as the President of Bangladesh ...
Swadhin Bangla Betar Kendra - Declaration of Independence
... In his message Sheikh Mujibur Rahman called upon the people to resist the occupation forces ... A telegram containing the message of Sheikh Mujibur Rahman was sent from Dhaka EPR wireless to Silimpur wireless station around 11am 25 March 1971 ... A Hannan have decided to broadcast the message from Sheikh Mujib ...