According to the Xiandai Hanyu Dictionary, (现代汉语词典), "Shanzhai" can stand for two meanings:
- A fenced place in the forest.
- Villages in the mountain that have stockade houses.
Historically, "shanzhai" is sometimes used as a metaphor to describe bandits who oppose and evade the corrupted authority to perform deeds they see as justified. One example of such bandits is the story of Outlaws of the Marsh (水浒传)
The use of "Shanzhai" to refer to imitation products comes from Cantonese slang, in which "shanzhai factory" means an ill-equipped, low-end and family-based factory. However, with the accumulation of profit, quite a few of those factories invest a lot of money to improve their equipment. Some factories also get investment from someone other than family members. Nowadays, a significant portion of Shanzhai factories are no longer ill-equipped or family-based. And their products are no longer poor-quality. Yet they still can not escape the fate of no-brand (or fake brand), not-for-sale in top department stores with non-shanzhai phones. One of the motivations for going 'Shanzhai' is the difficult regulations the Chinese government has established to become an official cell phone manufacturer. So to avoid the hassles companies try to operate under the radar. They can avoid taxes that way and also avoid regulation.
Another account of the origin is that because imitation electronic appliance manufacturers are largely located in Shenzhen, thus wholesalers from other parts of China started calling their products "Shenzhen product". Yet gradually "Shenzhen product" became "Shanzhai product" because they sound similar when people speak mandarin Chinese with a Cantonese accent.
Read more about this topic: Shanzhai
Other articles related to "origin, origins":
... The 2006 State of Origin series was the 25th year that the annual best-of-three series of interstate rugby league football matches between the Queensland and New South Wales representative teams was contested ...
... Origen (185–254), early Christian scholar and theologian Origins Game Fair, an annual board game event in Columbus Ohio Origins Award, presented by the ...
... After 1,550 kalpas, each kalpa lasting for 129,600 years, he attained Golden Immortality ... After another one hundred million years of cultivation, he finally became the Jade Emperor ...
... The question of language origins seemed inaccessible to methodical approaches, and in 1866 the Linguistic Society of Paris famously banned all discussion of the origin of ... However, scholarly interest in the question of the origin of language has only gradually been rekindled from the 1950s on (and then controversially) with ideas such as ... The "origin of language" as a subject in its own right emerged out of studies in neurolinguistics, psycholinguistics and human evolution ...
... Subsequently, a belief system grew up around the walk-in ... It included New Age attributes such as the concept of ascending into higher frequencies of evolution, a variety of psi powers, traditional "predictions regarding Earth Changes" first cited in the Bible (Book of Daniel and the Book of Revelation) but popularized by Edgar Cayce, and predictions of dire fates for those whose vibrational levels remain unraised ...
Famous quotes containing the word origin:
“Our theism is the purification of the human mind. Man can paint, or make, or think nothing but man. He believes that the great material elements had their origin from his thought.”
—Ralph Waldo Emerson (18031882)
“All good poetry is the spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings: it takes its origin from emotion recollected in tranquillity.”
—William Wordsworth (17701850)
“High treason, when it is resistance to tyranny here below, has its origin in, and is first committed by, the power that makes and forever re-creates man.”
—Henry David Thoreau (18171862)