Shanxi

Shanxi

Coordinates: 37°42′N 112°24′E / 37.7°N 112.4°E / 37.7; 112.4

Shanxi Province
山西省
Abbreviations: simplified Chinese: 晋; traditional Chinese: 晉 (pinyin: Jìn)
Origin of name 山 shān - mountain
西 xī - west
"west of the Taihang Mountains"
Administration type Province
Capital
(and largest city)
Taiyuan
CPC Ctte Secretary Yuan Chunqing
Governor Wang Jun
Area 156,800 km2 (60,500 sq mi) (19th)
- Latitude 34° 35' to 40° 44' N
- Longitude 110° 13' to 114° 33' E
Population (2010)
- Density
35,712,111 (18th)
213 /km2 (550 /sq mi) (19th)
GDP (2011)

- per capita
CNY 1110.0 billion
US$ 176.2 billion (21st)
CNY 26,283
US$ 3,883 (17th)
HDI (2008) 0.800 (high) (14th)
Ethnic composition Han - 99.7%
Hui - 0.2%
Languages and dialects {{{Dialects}}}
Prefectural level 11 divisions
County level 119 divisions
Township level* 1388 divisions
ISO 3166-2 CN-14
Official website
www.shanxigov.cn (Chinese)
Source for population and GDP data: Source for nationalities data: *
Template • Discussion • WikiProject China

Shanxi (Chinese: 山西; pinyin: Shānxī; Wade–Giles: Shan-hsi; Postal map spelling: Shansi) is a province of the People's Republic of China, located in the North China region. Its one-character abbreviation is "晋" (pinyin: Jìn), after the state of Jin that existed here during the Spring and Autumn Period.

The name Shanxi literally means "mountain's west", which refers to the province's location west of the Taihang Mountains. Shanxi borders Hebei to the east, Henan to the south, Shaanxi to the west, and Inner Mongolia to the north and is made up mainly of a plateau bounded partly by mountain ranges. The capital of the province is Taiyuan.

Read more about Shanxi:  History, Geography, Administrative Divisions, Politics, Economy, Transportation, Demographics, Health, Tourism, Education

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