Scottish Gaelic

Scottish Gaelic (Gàidhlig; listen) is a Celtic language native to Scotland. A member of the Goidelic branch of the Celtic languages, Scottish Gaelic, like Modern Irish and Manx, developed out of Middle Irish, and thus descends ultimately from Old Irish.

The 2001 UK Census showed that a total of 58,652 (1.2% of the Scottish population aged over three years old) in Scotland could speak Gaelic at that time, with the Outer Hebrides being the main stronghold of the language. The census results indicate a decline of 7,300 Gaelic speakers from 1991. Despite this decline, revival efforts exist and the number of younger speakers of the language has increased.

Scottish Gaelic is not an official language of the European Union, nor of the United Kingdom. (The only language that is de jure official in any part of the UK is Welsh.) However, it is classed as an autochthonous language under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages, which the British government has ratified. In addition, the Gaelic Language (Scotland) Act 2005 gave official recognition to the language and established an official language development body, Bòrd na Gàidhlig.

Outside of Scotland, dialects of the language known as Canadian Gaelic exist in Canada on Cape Breton Island, Glengarry County in present-day Eastern Ontario and other isolated areas of the Nova Scotia mainland. The number of present day speakers in Cape Breton is around 2,000, amounting to 1.3% of the population of Cape Breton Island.

Read more about Scottish GaelicNomenclature, History, Number of Speakers, Current Distribution in Scotland, Pronunciation, Grammar, Church, Sport, Personal Names, Surnames, Loanwords, Common Words and Phrases With Irish and Manx Equivalents

Other articles related to "scottish gaelic, gaelic, scottish":

British Peoples - Culture - Language
... or Minority Languages, the Welsh, Scottish Gaelic, Cornish, Irish, Ulster Scots and Scots (or Lowland Scots) languages are officially recognised as Regional or Minority languages ... continue to be spoken as a first language by native inhabitants, Welsh and Scottish Gaelic have a different legal status from other minority languages ... although considered culturally important, Scottish Gaelic and Welsh are seldom used and are effectively restricted in practice to remote rural areas ...
Scottish Gaelic Phonology - Consonants
... Like the closely related languages, Modern Irish and Manx, Scottish Gaelic contains what are traditionally referred to as "broad" and "slender" consonants ... palatal or palatalised consonants), in Scottish Gaelic velarisation is only present for /n̪ˠ l̪ˠ rˠ/ ... Consonants of Scottish Gaelic Labial Coronal Dorsal Glottal Dental Alveolar Palatal Velar Stop pʰ p t̪ʰ t̪ tʲʰ tʲ kʲʰ kʲ kʰ k Fricative ...
Scottish Gaelic - Qualifications in The Language - Higher and Further Education - Courses At The University of The Highlands and Islands
... The University of the Highlands and Islands offers a range of Gaelic courses at Cert HE, Dip HE, BA (ordinary), BA (Hons) and MA, and offers ... campus offers an independent 1 year course in Gaelic and Traditional Music (FE, SQF level 5/6) ...
Stornoway Primary School
6°23′13″W / 58.209°N 6.387°W / 58.209 -6.387 Stornoway Scottish Gaelic Steòrnabhagh Stornoway Population 9,000 Language English Scottish Gaelic OS grid reference ... in the Western Isles (with a third of the population) and the third largest town in the Scottish Highlands after Inverness and Fort William ...
Scottish Gaelic Phonology
... This article is about the phonology of the Scottish Gaelic language ... There is no standard variety of Scottish Gaelic although statements below are about all or most dialects, the north-western dialects (Hebrides, Skye and the Northwest Highlands ... Gaelic phonology is characterised by a phoneme inventory particularly rich in sonorant coronal phonemes (commonly 9 in total) a contrasting set of palatalised ...

Famous quotes containing the word scottish:

    We’ll never know the worth of water till the well go dry.
    —18th-century Scottish proverb, collected in James Kelly, Complete Collection of Scottish Proverbs, no. 351 (1721)