RAF Andover (IATA:
ADV, ICAO: EGWA) is a former Royal Flying Corps and Royal Air Force station located within Hampshire.
The airfield has a notable place in history, being the site of both the first attempt to develop a viable long-range electronic navigation system, during the First World War, and also of the first British military helicopter unit and first European helicopter flying training school, during the Second World War.
RAF Andover was also used before and after the Second World War for a variety of other aeronautical research and flight testing. The RAF Staff College, Andover was founded here in 1922, the first college to train officers in the administrative, staff and policy aspects of running an air force. The Royal Air Force Association was also founded at RAF Andover
RAF Andover saw action during the Second World War. Corporal Josephine Robins, one of only six members of the WAAF to win the Military Medal during the Second World War, won her award for courage rescuing people during an air-raid on the airfield in the Battle of Britain.
Three squadrons of the Royal Canadian Air Force were formed at RAF Andover. Before and during the Battle of Normandy, RAF Andover was used by the United States Army Air Forces Ninth Air Force as an operational tactical fighter airfield. It was also known as USAAF Station 406, Pundit Code AV. The code AV was broadcast in morse code by a mobile red light beacon at night, during the latter part of the Second World War. The Pundit Code was also painted on the airfield hangar nearest to the control tower, and remained visible until the hangars were demolished in 2001.
The site was redeveloped, and part of it has since become Army Headquarters.
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... Numbers 651 to 663 Squadrons of the RAF were Air Observation Post units working closely with army units in artillery spotting and liaison. 43 Operational Training Unit RAF, at RAF Andover ... The squadron was formed at RAF Andover, England, on 5 March 1945, the third Air Observation Post squadron consisting of Canadian personnel to be formed at RAF Andover, after a 1944 parliamentary debate in Ottawa, Canada ...
... In 2007 the site of Andover Airfield became the focus of a some local controversy when developers submitted a planning proposal to build a large distribution centre for the supermarket giant Tesco on the site of ...
... RAF Andover was opened on Andover Airfield, to the south of the town, during the First World War and became the site of the RAF Staff College ... In 1932 Andover gained a new industry when the printers for Kelly's Directory moved to the town ... During the Second World War the RAF Staff College was the headquarters of RAF Maintenance Command, and gained a unique place in British history, as the first British military helicopter unit ...