Quantum Information Science

Quantum information science is an area of study based on the idea that information science depends on quantum effects in physics. It includes theoretical issues in computational models as well as more experimental topics in quantum physics including what can and cannot be done with quantum information. The term quantum information theory is sometimes used, but it fails to encompass experimental research in the area.

Subfields include:

  • Quantum computing, which deals on the one hand with the question how and whether one can build a quantum computer and on the other hand, algorithms that harness its power (see quantum algorithm)
  • Quantum complexity theory
  • Quantum cryptography and its generalization, quantum communication
  • Quantum error correction
  • Quantum communication complexity
  • Quantum entanglement, as seen from an information-theoretic point of view
  • Quantum dense coding
  • Quantum teleportation is one well-known quantum information processing operation which reliably transfers an unknown quantum state from one point to another distant point, destroying the original state in the process.

Other articles related to "information":

Section 508 Amendment To The Rehabilitation Act Of 1973
... Act to require Federal agencies to make their electronic and information technology accessible to people with disabilities ... Section 508 was enacted to eliminate barriers in information technology, to make available new opportunities for people with disabilities, and to encourage development of technologies that will help achieve these goals ... they develop, procure, maintain, or use electronic and information technology ...
Point-to-point Protocol - PPP Frame - Structure of A PPP Frame
1 or 2 setting of protocol in data field Information variable (0 or more) datagram Padding variable (0 or more) optional padding The Protocol field indicates ... The Information field contains the PPP payload it has a variable length with a negotiated maximum called the Maximum Transmission Unit ... It might be padded on transmission if the information for a particular protocol can be padded, that protocol must allow information to be distinguished from padding ...
Information-transfer Transaction
... In telecommunication, an information-transfer transaction is a coordinated sequence of user and telecommunications system actions that cause information present at a ... An information-transfer transaction usually consists of three consecutive phases called the access phase, the information transfer phase, and the disengagement phase ...
Intranet - Benefits
... Workforce productivity Intranets can help users to locate and view information faster and use applications relevant to their roles and responsibilities ... to perform their jobs faster, more accurately, and with confidence that they have the right information ... Time Intranets allow organizations to distribute information to employees on an as-needed basis Employees may link to relevant information at their convenience ...

Famous quotes containing the words science, quantum and/or information:

    We know only a single science, the science of history. One can look at history from two sides and divide it into the history of nature and the history of men. However, the two sides are not to be divided off; as long as men exist the history of nature and the history of men are mutually conditioned.
    Karl Marx (1818–1883)

    A personality is an indefinite quantum of traits which is subject to constant flux, change, and growth from the birth of the individual in the world to his death. A character, on the other hand, is a fixed and definite quantum of traits which, though it may be interpreted with slight differences from age to age and actor to actor, is nevertheless in its essentials forever fixed.
    Hubert C. Heffner (1901–1985)

    But while ignorance can make you insensitive, familiarity can also numb. Entering the second half-century of an information age, our cumulative knowledge has changed the level of what appalls, what stuns, what shocks.
    Anna Quindlen (b. 1952)