Piri Reis

Piri Reis (full name Hacı Ahmed Muhiddin Piri - Hajji Ahmed Muhiddin Piri, Ahmed ibn-i el-Hac Mehmed El Karamani; Reis was a Turkish military rank akin to that of captain) was an Ottoman admiral, geographer and cartographer born between 1465 and 1470, and died in 1553.

He is primarily known today for his maps and charts collected in his Kitab-ı Bahriye (Book of Navigation), a book that contains detailed information on navigation, as well as very accurate charts (for its time) describing the important ports and cities of the Mediterranean Sea. He gained fame as a cartographer when a small part of his first world map (prepared in 1513) was discovered in 1929 at the Topkapı Palace in Istanbul. His world map is the oldest known Turkish atlas showing the New World, and one of the oldest maps of America still in existence anywhere (the oldest known map of America that is still in existence is the map drawn by Juan de la Cosa in 1500). Piri Reis' map is centered on the Sahara at the latitude of the Tropic of Cancer.

In 1528 Piri Reis drew a second world map, of which a small fragment (showing Greenland and North America from Labrador and Newfoundland in the north to Florida, Cuba and parts of Central America in the south) still survives. According to his imprinting text, he had drawn his maps using about twenty foreign charts and mappae mundi (Arab, Spanish, Portuguese, Chinese, Indian and Greek) including one of Christopher Columbus.

Read more about Piri Reis:  Biography, Kitab-ı Bahriye (Book of Navigation): 1521 and 1525, In Popular Culture

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History Of Cartography - Piri Reis Map
... Main article Piri Reis map The Ottoman cartographer Piri Reis published navigational maps in his Kitab-ı Bahriye ... The Piri Reis map drawn by the Ottoman cartographer Piri Reis in 1513, is one of the oldest surviving maps to show the Americas ...
Piri Reis Map
... The Piri Reis map is a pre-modern world map compiled in 1513 from military intelligence by the Ottoman admiral and cartographer Piri Reis ...
Kemal Reis - Operations in The West Mediterranean and The Atlantic Ocean
... In July 1501 Kemal Reis, accompanied by his nephew Piri Reis, set sail from the port of Modon with a force of 3 galleys and 16 fustas and went to the Tyrrhenian Sea, where ... From there Kemal Reis sailed to the Channel of Piombino and the Ottomans raided the coastal settlements in that area ... In August 1501 Kemal Reis and his troops landed at Sardinia and captured several coastal settlements while taking around 1,050 prisoners during fights against the local forces ...
Piri Reis - In Popular Culture
... Piri Reis features in Ubisoft's Assassin's Creed Revelations ... Reis' maps are referenced in the novel The Space Vampires, in which it is stated that Reis used extraterrestrial information to increase the accuracy of his maps ... Piri Reis appears in Koei's Uncharted Waters New Horizons video game ...