Parachute

A parachute is a device used to slow the motion of an object through an atmosphere by creating drag, or in the case of ram-air parachutes, aerodynamic lift. Parachutes are usually made out of light, strong cloth, originally silk, now most commonly nylon. Parachutes must slow an object's terminal vertical speed by a minimum 75% in order to be classified as such. Depending on the situation, parachutes are used with a variety of loads, including people, food, equipment, space capsules, and bombs.

Drogue chutes are used to aid horizontal deceleration of a vehicle (a fixed-wing aircraft, or a drag racer), or to provide stability (tandem free-fall, or a space shuttle after a touchdown).

The word "parachute" comes from the French prefix paracete, originally from the Greek, meaning to protect against, and chute, the French word for "fall", and it was originally coined, as a hybrid word which meant literally "that which protects against a fall", by the French aeronaut François Blanchard (1753–1809) in 1785.

Read more about Parachute:  Types of Parachutes, Safety, Parachute Malfunctions, Records

Other articles related to "parachute":

Lost Command - Historical Background
... from French military Commandant René Lepage, formerly with the 6th Marine Infantry Parachute Regiment ... the actual commander in French Indochina of the predecessor of the 6th Marine Infantry Parachute Regiment (the 6th Colonial Parachute Battalion) ... Bigeard later commanded the 3rd Colonial Parachute Regiment in French Algeria ...
Cheryl Stearns
... Stearns is also noted for the most total parachute jumps made by a woman—15,560 jumps as of August 2003 --as well as the most parachute jumps made in a 24-hour period by a woman—3 ... long-standing record for the highest altitude parachute jump ever, with a jump from at least 110,000 feet ... Army's elite parachute team ...
List Of Battalions Of The Parachute Regiment (United Kingdom)
... A List of battalions of The Parachute Regiment from formation in 1940 to the present day. 4th/6th Battalion 5th (Scottish) Parachute Battalion - formed from 7th Bn, The Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders 6th (Royal Welsh) Parachute Battalion - formed from. 156th Parachute Battalion ...
Parachute, Colorado - Name
... on the town as do the shroud lines of a parachute combined with the arc of the ridge line above the streams which resembles the canopy of a parachute ... The town was originally named Parachute, after the one creek that flowed into town from the northwest ... Parachute Creek was named such when the original surveyors mapped the area ...
Louis-Sébastien Lenormand
... first human to make a witnessed descent with a parachute and is also credited with coining the term parachute (from the Greek para – "against", and French chute – "fall") ... Montpellier observatory in front of a crowd that included Joseph Montgolfier, using a 14 foot parachute with a rigid wooden frame ... His intended use for the parachute was to help entrapped occupants of a burning building to escape unharmed ...

Famous quotes containing the word parachute:

    I did not just fall in love. I made a parachute jump.
    Zora Neale Hurston (1891–1960)