Pancho Villa

José Doroteo Arango Arámbula (5 June 1878 – 20 July 1923) – better known by his pseudonym Francisco Villa or his nickname Pancho Villa – was one of the most prominent Mexican Revolutionary generals.

As commander of the División del Norte (Division of the North), he was the veritable caudillo of the northern Mexican state of Chihuahua which, given its size, mineral wealth, and proximity to the United States of America, provided him with extensive resources. Villa was also provisional Governor of Chihuahua in 1913 and 1914. Although he was prevented from being accepted into the "panteón" of national heroes until some 20 years after his death, today his memory is honored by Mexicans. In addition, numerous streets and neighborhoods in Mexico are named in his honor.

Villa and his supporters seized hacienda land for distribution to peasants and soldiers. He robbed and commandeered trains, and, like the other revolutionary generals, printed fiat money to pay for his cause. Villa's men and supporters became known as Villistas during the revolution from 1910 to roughly 1920.

Villa's dominance in northern Mexico was broken in 1915 through a series of defeats he suffered at Celaya and Agua Prieta at the hands of Álvaro Obregón and Plutarco Elías Calles. After Villa's famous raid on Columbus, New Mexico in 1916, U.S. Army General John J. Pershing tried unsuccessfully to capture Villa in a nine-month pursuit that ended when the United States' entry into World War I was assured and Pershing was called back. Villa retired in 1920 and was given a large estate which he turned into a "military colony" for his former soldiers. In 1923, he decided to re-involve himself in Mexican politics and as a result was assassinated, most likely on the orders of Obregón.

Read more about Pancho VillaEarly Life, Beginnings of The Mexican Revolution, Fight Against Huerta's Usurpation, Governor of Chihuahua, Carranza Tries To Halt The Villa Advance, The Fall of Zacatecas, Split With The United States and The Pancho Villa Expedition, Villa's Battles and Military Actions, German Involvement in Villa's Later Campaigns, Personal Life, Last Years, Death and Gravesite, In Films, Video, and Television

Other articles related to "pancho villa, villa, pancho":

List Of Equestrian Statues - Mexico
... Chihuahua Equestrian statue of Pancho Villa ... Zacatecas Equestrian statue of Pancho Villa at the summit of the Cerro de la Bufa overlooking the city ... IV, Mexico City José de San Martín in Mexico City Pancho Villa in Chihuahua Pancho Villa in Zacatecas ...
Pancho Villa - In Films, Video, and Television
... Villa appeared as himself in films in 1912, 1913, 1914 and 1916 Life of Villa (1912) With General Pancho Villa in Mexico (1913, unconfirmed) The Life of General Villa (1914) Following the Flag in Mexico (1916 ... Actors that have portrayed Villa include Raoul Walsh (1912, 1914) The Life of General Villa Wallace Beery (1917) Patria George Humbert (1918) Why America Will Win Wallace Beery (1934) Viva Villa!, with ... Triana (1935) El Tesoro de Pancho Villa Domingo Soler (1936) Vámonos con Pancho Villa Maurice Black (1937) Under Strange Flags Leo Carrillo (1949) Pancho ...
Rodolfo Fierro
... superintendent, federal soldier and lieutenant in the army of Pancho Villa during the Mexican Revolution in the Division del Norte ... lieutenant, Tomas Urbina, have been cited as the two halves of Pancho Villa, Fierro representing his malicious side ... It is believed Fierro met Pancho Villa in 1913 following the Madero revolution ...
List Of Characters And Cast Members Of The From Dusk Till Dawn Series - From Dusk Till Dawn 3: The Hangman's Daughter
... appear in the From Dusk Till Dawn-series, Ambrose Bierce is a famous author intending to joining Pancho Villa ... character who frequently dreams of his own future death at Pancho Villa's hand(the real Bierce was executed by Pancho Villa) ...
Manuel Peláez
... In October 1913, Pancho Villa won a major battle over seasoned federal troops and took the city of Torreón, Coahuila ... by President Eulalio Gutiérrez, but actually controlled by Pancho Villa and Emiliano Zapata ... When Pancho Villa suffered a major defeated by Carranza’s General Álvaro Obregón in the spring of 1915, the Convention Government collapsed, and Carranza declared himself in control of the Mexico ...