Otitis is a general term for inflammation or infection of the ear, in both humans and other animals.
It is subdivided into the following:
- Otitis externa, external otitis, or "swimmer's ear" involves the outer ear and ear canal. In external otitis, the ear hurts when touched or pulled.
- Otitis media or middle ear infection involves the middle ear. In otitis media, the ear is infected or clogged with fluid behind the ear drum, in the normally air-filled middle-ear space. This very common childhood infection sometimes requires a surgical procedure called "myringotomy and tube insertion".
- Otitis interna or labyrinthitis involves the inner ear. The inner ear includes sensory organs for balance and hearing. When the inner ear is inflamed, vertigo is a common symptom.
Other articles related to "otitis":
... MeSH C09.218.705.496 --- otitis externa MeSH C09.218.705.663 --- otitis media MeSH C09.218.705.663.652 --- mastoiditis MeSH C09.218.705.663.683 --- otitis media with effusion MeSH C09.218 ...
... Otitis interna (Internal otitis) is an inflammation of the inner ear and is usually considered synonymous with labyrinthitis ...
... Diseases of the ear and mastoid process (H60–H99, 380–389) Outer ear Otitis externa Otomycosis Middle ear and mastoid Otitis media Mastoiditis Bezold's abscess Gradenigo's syndrome Tympanosclerosis ...
... Otitis externa responds well to treatment, but complications may occur if it is not treated ... are more likely to develop complications, including malignant otitis externa ... Chronic otitis externa Spread of infection to other areas of the body Necrotizing external otitis ...