Orthodox Church - Typica

Typica

The Orthodox Church also has many associated (small-t) traditions (sometimes referred to simply as customs), compatible with its life and function, but not necessarily tied so closely to the faith itself. These are not generally regarded as a part of Holy Tradition, though no strict dividing line is drawn. As long as compatibility is maintained, general practice often tends to the permissive rather than the restrictive, with the local priest or bishop resolving questions. Many of these customs are local or cultural, and some are not even especially religious, but form a part of the church's relationship with the people in the time and place where it exists. Where outside customs affect church practices such as worship, a closer watch is kept for guarding the integrity of worship, but suitable local differences are welcomed and celebrated joyfully. The local church customs, especially liturgical ones, are referred to as differences in typica (Style).

Locality is also expressed in regional terms of churchly jurisdiction, which is often also drawn along national lines. Many Orthodox churches adopt a national title (e.g. Albanian Orthodox, Bulgarian Orthodox, Antiochian Orthodox, Georgian Orthodox, Greek Orthodox, Macedonian Orthodox, Montenegrin Orthodox, Romanian Orthodox, Russian Orthodox, Serbian Orthodox, Ukrainian Orthodox etc.) and this title can identify which language is used in services, which bishops preside, and which of the typica is followed by specific congregations. These differences in praxis ("practice") tend to be slight. They involve such things as the order in which a particular set of hymns are sung or what time a particular service is celebrated. But observances of the saints' days of local saints are more often celebrated in special services within a locality, as are certain national holidays, like Greek Independence Day. In North America, observances of Thanksgiving Day are increasing.

Members of the Church are fully united in faith and the Sacred Mysteries with all Orthodox congregations, regardless of nationality or location. In general, Orthodox Christians could travel the globe and feel familiar with the services even if they did not know the language being used.

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... They fall into six main categories Typica – this is the original cultivar introduced by the Dutch ... Much of the Typica was lost in the late 1880s, when Coffee Leaf Rust swept through Indonesia ... However, both the Bergandal and Sidikalang varieties of Typica can still be found in Sumatra, especially at higher altitudes ...
Typica

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As the plural of typicon, see typicon.

In Eastern Orthodox Church, the liturgical service known as the Typica (Slavonic: изобразительных', Izobrazítel'nykhə, or Ob'ednitsa) is appointed to be served whenever the Liturgy is not celebrated. This may be either because, the Typicon does not permit the celebration of the Liturgy (as occurs, for example, on weekdays during Great Lent), the Typica may be served instead of Liturgy, or no priest is present or the priest for any reason does not serve the Liturgy. The Typica, like the hours that it is aggregated with, is rarely read in Greek churches (aside from Monasteries), but it is relatively common in Slavic churches.

The name "Typica" refers to the "Typical Psalms" (Psalm 102, Psalm 145, and the Beatitudes). Essentially, the Typica involves the psalms and prayers of the Liturgy of the Catechumens.

The Typica may be read publicly in the church, or it may be read privately at home. Often in missions, where there is no priest permanently assigned to serve the parish, the Typica will be read on Sundays in place of the Liturgy.

Normally, the Typica is read after the Third and Sixth Hours (in the place where the Liturgy would normally be celebrated). During Great Lent the Ninth Hour is inserted before Typica, and the format of the Typica changes.

During the reading of the Typica, Troparia may be inserted between the verses of the Beatitudes, as during the Divine Liturgy. However,during Great Lent this is not done; instead, the Beatitudes are chanted by the choir and between each verse they chant "Remember us, O Lord, when Thou comest into Thy kingdom." Also, during Lent, Psalm 102 and Psalm 145 are omitted; and, as is typical of Lenten services, the Typica contains the Prayer of St. Ephraim.

The Typica is also read as the end of the Royal Hours on the Eve of Nativity, the Eve of Theophany, and on Great Friday (in these instances also, the Typica is read after the Ninth Hour).

The text of the Typica can be found in English in several places including the Horologion noted below in the citations. The text in Church Slavonic is available on-line at "Последование изобразительных – Celebration of the Typika" likewise noted below in the citations.

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... Three geographic races are known khani Pakistan, Terra typica Hadar (Chilas), Federal Administered Northern Area, Pakistan, 32° 25' N, 74° E, elevation 945 m ... auffenbergi Pakistan Terra typica Besham, Distr ... pakistanica Pakistan Terra typica Jaglotgah, Pakistan ...
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... Ref Arusha Arabica Mount Meru in Tanzania, and Papua New Guinea either a Typica variety or a French Mission ... Bergendal, Sidikalang Arabica Indonesia Both are Typica varieties which survived the Leaf Rust Outbreak of the 1880s most of the other Typica in Indonesia was destroyed ... A unique mutation of Typica ...