Classical optics is divided into two main branches: geometrical optics and physical optics. In geometrical, or ray optics, light is considered to travel in straight lines, and in physical, or wave optics, light is considered to be an electromagnetic wave.
Geometrical optics can be viewed as an approximation of physical optics which can be applied when the wavelength of the light used is much smaller than the size of the optical elements or system being modelled.
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Other articles related to "classical optics, optics":
... Photonics is closely related to optics ... However optics preceded the discovery that light is quantized (when Albert Einstein explained the photoelectric effect in 1905) ... Optics tools include the refracting lens, the reflecting mirror, and various optical components known prior to 1900 ...
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