The Oneida Indian Nation (hereinafter referred to as OIN) is the federally recognized Oneida tribe that resides in New York, where the tribe originated and held its historic territory long before European colonialism. It is an Iroquoian-speaking people, and its early nation was one of the Five Nations of the Iroquois Confederacy, or Hauendosaunee. Three other recognized Oneida tribes are in other locations where they migrated during and after the American Revolutionary War: one in Wisconsin in the United States, and two in Ontario, Canada.
Today it owns tribal land in Verona, Oneida, and Canastota, on which it operates a number of businesses, including a resort with a Class III gambling casino.
Since the late twentieth century, the OIN has been a party to land claim suits against the state of New York for treaties and purchases made without ratification by the United States Senate, as required under the US Constitution. Litigation has been complex, related to trust lands, property and sales taxes. Agreements and settlements with different levels of governments are still being negotiated.
Read more about Oneida Indian Nation: Businesses, Tax Issues, Criticism, Potential Pact Between Oneida County and The Oneida
Other articles related to "oneida indian nation, oneida, indian, oneidas, nation, indians":
... On May 8, 2009, Anthony Picente, Oneida County Executive, announced a pact between Oneida County and the Oneida Indian Nation ... The Oneida County Board of Legislators and the State legislature must approve this pact within the next 60 days ... If this pact is approved, the Oneida would pay $55 million to Oneida County over the next 10 years, beginning with a $30 million lump sum payment this year ...
... For some time, it was believed that the land the Oneida Indian Nation once owned, sold, and since re-acquired automatically returned to its status as Indian Territory ... In City of Sherrill v Oneida Indian Nation, Justice Ginsburg authored the majority opinion that determined the land on which the casino is on was part of the Oneidas' original ... of an ancient reservation land grant, over 200 years was too long to be non-Indian territory for the Oneida Indian Nation to re-establish its immunity over those lands ...
... then Governor of New York State Mario Cuomo and the Oneida Indian Nation ... The Oneida Indian Nation appealed this decision up to the Court of Appeals to no avail ... The Indian Gaming Regulatory Act (IGRA) incorporates state laws into federal law, specifically 18 U.S.C ...
... Act (1830) Dawes Act (1887) Curtis Act of 1898 Reorganization Act (1934) Indian Claims Commission Act (1946) Indian Land Claims Settlements (1978–2006) Indian Claims Limitations Act (1982) Precedents ... M'Intosh (1823) Cherokee Nation v ... Dibble (1858) 1890—1950 Seneca Nation of Indians v ...
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