Nuclear Energy In The United States
As of 2011, nuclear power in the United States is provided by 104 commercial reactors (69 pressurized water reactors and 35 boiling water reactors) licensed to operate at 65 nuclear power plants, producing a total of 806 TWh of electricity, which was 19.6% of the nation's total electric energy generation in 2008. The United States is the world's largest supplier of commercial nuclear power.
In terms of history, all US nuclear power plants, and almost all reactors,began to be built in 1974 or earlier; following the Three Mile Island accident in 1979 and changing economics, many planned projects were canceled. Of the 104 reactors now operating in the U.S., ground was broken on all of them in 1974 or earlier. There has been no new ground-breaking on nuclear plants in the United States since 1974, though a number of reactor units started before 1974 have been completed since then, and recently (2011 and 2012) construction has begun on new units at existing plants.
In recent developments, there has been some revival of interest in nuclear power in the 2000s, with talk of a "nuclear renaissance", supported particularly by the Nuclear Power 2010 Program (established 2002) – see prospective nuclear units in the United States. A number of applications was sought, and construction on a handful of new reactors began in the early 2010s – in late 2011 and early 2012, construction of four new nuclear reactor units at two exiting plants were approved, the first such in 34 years. Further, a reactor is currently under construction at the existing plant at Watts Bar, Tennessee, which was begun in 1973 and may be completed in 2012. However, facing economic challenges, and later in the wake of the 2011 Japanese nuclear accidents, most of these projects have been canceled, and as of 2012, "nuclear industry officials say they expect just five new reactors to enter service by 2020 – Southern's two Vogtle reactors, two at Summer in South Carolina and one at Watts Bar in Tennessee"; these are all at existing plants.
Read more about Nuclear Energy In The United States: History, Safety and Accidents, Water Use in Nuclear Power Production, Plant Decommissioning, Debate About Nuclear Power in The U.S., Recent Developments, See Also
Other articles related to "nuclear, nuclear energy in the united states, in the united states":
... Zion Nuclear Power Station was the third dual-reactor nuclear power plant in the Commonwealth Edison (ComEd) network and served Chicago and the northern quarter of Illinois ... The Zion Nuclear Power Station was retired on February 13, 1998 ... All nuclear fuel was removed permanently from the reactor vessel and placed in the plant's on-site spent fuel pool by March 9, 1998 ...
... Anti-nuclear movement in the United States Anti-nuclear protests in the United States Atoms for Peace Critical Masses Opposition to Nuclear Power in California, 1958-1978 Nuclear policy of the ...
Famous quotes containing the words united states, states, united, energy and/or nuclear:
“Television is an excellent system when one has nothing to lose, as is the case with a nomadic and rootless country like the United States, but in Europe the affect of television is that of a bulldozer which reduces culture to the lowest possible denominator.”
—Marc Fumaroli (b. 1932)
“So the brother in black offers to these United States the source of courage that endures, and laughter.”
—Zora Neale Hurston (18911960)
“Before abstraction everything is one, but one like chaos; after abstraction everything is united again, but this union is a free binding of autonomous, self-determined beings. Out of a mob a society has developed, chaos has been transformed into a manifold world.”
—Novalis [Friedrich Von Hardenberg] (17721801)
“Three elements go to make up an idea. The first is its intrinsic quality as a feeling. The second is the energy with which it affects other ideas, an energy which is infinite in the here-and-nowness of immediate sensation, finite and relative in the recency of the past. The third element is the tendency of an idea to bring along other ideas with it.”
—Charles Sanders Peirce (18391914)
“We now recognize that abuse and neglect may be as frequent in nuclear families as love, protection, and commitment are in nonnuclear families.”
—David Elkind (20th century)