Mycology (from the Greek μύκης, mukēs, meaning "fungus") is the branch of biology concerned with the study of fungi, including their genetic and biochemical properties, their taxonomy and their use to humans as a source for tinder, medicinals (e.g., penicillin), food (e.g., beer, wine, cheese, edible mushrooms) and entheogens, as well as their dangers, such as poisoning or infection.

From mycology arose the field of phytopathology, the study of plant diseases, and the two disciplines remain closely related because the vast majority of "plant" pathogens are fungi. A biologist who studies mycology is called a mycologist.

Historically, mycology was a branch of botany because, although fungi are evolutionarily more closely related to animals than to plants, this was not recognized until a few decades ago. Pioneer mycologists included Elias Magnus Fries, Christian Hendrik Persoon, Anton de Bary and Lewis David von Schweinitz.

Many fungi produce toxins, antibiotics and other secondary metabolites. For example the cosmopolitan (worldwide) genus Fusarium and their toxins associated with fatal outbreaks of alimentary toxic aleukia in humans were extensively studied by Abraham Joffe.

Fungi are fundamental for life on earth in their roles as symbionts, e.g. in the form of mycorrhizae, insect symbionts and lichens. Many fungi are able to break down complex organic biomolecules such as lignin, the more durable component of wood, and pollutants such as xenobiotics, petroleum, and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. By decomposing these molecules, fungi play a critical role in the global carbon cycle.

Fungi and other organisms traditionally recognized as fungi, such as oomycetes and myxomycetes (slime molds), often are economically and socially important as some cause diseases of animals (such as histoplasmosis) as well as plants (such as Dutch elm disease and Rice blast).

Field meetings to find interesting species of fungi are known as 'forays', after the first such meeting organized by the Woolhope Naturalists' Field Club in 1868 and entitled "a foray among the fungi."

Some fungi can cause disease in humans or other organisms. The study of pathogenic fungi is referred to as medical mycology.

Read more about Mycology:  History, Medicinal Mycology

Other articles related to "mycology":

List Of Puerto Rican Scientists And Inventors - Mycology
... Mycology is the branch of biology concerned with the study of fungi, including their genetic and biochemical properties, their taxonomy and their use ... The term mycology and the complimentary mycologist were first used in 1836 by M.J ...
Deutschsprachige Mykologische Gesellschaft
... founded in 1961 as a platform for all scientists of the German-speaking area who are interested in mycology either from a medical or veterinary standpoint, i.e ... medical mycology or veterinary mycology ... Working parties for “clinical mycology” as well as “mycological laboratory diagnostics” make major contributions to the work of the society ...
Ramakrishna Mission Vivekananda College - Scientific Research - Vivekananda Institute of Tropical Mycology (VINSTROM)
... Suryanarayanan for over twenty five years in experimental mycology, environmental mycology, marine mycology and endophyte ecology and physiology brought international recognition to the college in general ... Satyapriyananda, created a separate institute – Vivekananda Institute of Tropical Mycology (VINSTROM) in 2005 to continue the research in mycology under the Directorship of Dr ...
Curtis Gates Lloyd - Career
... Lloyd's interest in mycology was initiated after a meeting with A.P ... In the article "The Myths of Mycology" (1917) he wrote.. ... bring about, the abolition of personal advertisements in mycology ...
Medicinal Mycology
... Current research focuses on mushrooms that may have hypoglycemic activity, anti-cancer activity, anti-pathogenic activity, and immune system enhancing activity ... Recent research has found that the oyster mushroom naturally contains the cholesterol-lowering drug lovastatin, mushrooms produce large amounts of vitamin D when exposed to UV light, and that certain fungi may be a future source of taxol ...