Minor basilica (Latin: Basilica minor, Basilicae minores in plural) is a title given to some Roman Catholic churches. By canon law no Catholic church can be honoured with the title of basilica unless by apostolic grant or from immemorial custom.
In relation to churches, writers on architecture use the term "basilica" to describe a church built in a particular style. The early Christian purpose-built cathedral basilica of the bishop was in this style, constructed on the model of the semi-public secular basilicas, and its growth in size and importance signalled the gradual transfer of civic power into episcopal hands, which was under way in the 5th century.
In the 18th century, the term took on a canonical sense, unrelated to this architectural style. Basilicas in this canonical sense are divided into major ("greater") and minor basilicas. Today only four, all in Rome, are classified as major basilicas: the major basilicas of St John Lateran, St Peter, St Paul outside the Walls, and St Mary Major. The other canonical basilicas are minor basilicas.
Other articles related to "minor basilica, basilica":
... Minor Basilica of the Immaculate Conception is also known as Minor Basilica of Our Lady of Immaculate Conception (English) or Basilica Minore dela Inmaculada Concepcion (Spanish) or Basilica Minore dela Nuestra Señora ...
... South America Cathedral Basilica of Our Lady of the Rosary, Rosario, Argentina South America Basilica of the National Shrine of Our Lady of Aparecida, Aparecida, Brazil Central America San Salvador Cathedral ... Mary, Minneapolis, USA North America Basilica of St ... John's, Canada North America Basilica of the National Shrine of the Immaculate Conception, Washington, D.C ...
... In December 8, 1954, the church was relegated into a Minor Basilica, the third in the country to be given such honor ...
Famous quotes containing the words basilica and/or minor:
“Christians are to be taught that the pope would and should wish to give of his own money, even though he had to sell the basilica of St. Peter, to many of those from whom certain hawkers of indulgences cajole money.”
—Martin Luther (14831546)
“Great causes are never tried on their merits; but the cause is reduced to particulars to suit the size of the partizans, and the contention is ever hottest on minor matters.”
—Ralph Waldo Emerson (18031882)