Miletus

Miletus /maɪˈliːtəs/ (Ancient Greek: Μίλητος, Milētos; Latin: Miletus) was an ancient Greek city on the western coast of Anatolia (in what is now Aydin Province, Turkey), near the mouth of the Maeander River in ancient Caria. Before the Persian invasion in the middle of the 6th century BC, Miletus was considered the greatest and wealthiest of Greek cities.

Evidence of first settlement at the site has been made inaccessible by the rise of sea level and deposition of sediments from the Maeander. The first available evidence is of the Neolithic. In the early and middle Bronze age the settlement came under Minoan influence. Legend has it that an influx of Cretans occurred displacing the indigenous Leleges. The site was renamed Miletus after a place in Crete.

The Late Bronze Age, 13th century BC, saw the arrival of Luwian language speakers from south central Anatolia calling themselves the Carians. Later in that century the first Greeks arrived. The city at that time rebelled against the Hittite Empire. After the fall of that empire the city was destroyed in the 12th century BC and starting about 1000 BC was resettled extensively by the Ionian Greeks. Legend offers an Ionian foundation event sponsored by a founder named Neleus from the Peloponnesus.

The Greek Dark Ages were a time of Ionian settlement and consolidation in an alliance called the Ionian League. The Archaic Period of Greece began with a sudden and brilliant flash of art and philosophy on the coast of Anatolia. In the 6th century BC, Miletus was the site of origin of the Greek philosophical (and scientific) tradition, when Thales, followed by Anaximander and Anaximenes (known collectively, to modern scholars, as the Milesian School) began to speculate about the material constitution of the world, and to propose speculative naturalistic (as opposed to traditional, supernatural) explanations for various natural phenomena.

Miletus was the birthplace of the Hagia Sophia's architect (and inventor of the flying buttress) Isidore of Miletus.

Read more about Miletus:  Geography, Colonies of Miletus, Notable People

Other articles related to "miletus":

Symetha
... Miletus Miletus rosei Scientific classification Kingdom Animalia Phylum Arthropoda Class Insecta Order Lepidoptera Family Lycaenidae Genus Miletus Synonyms Symetha Gerydus Archaeogerydus Miletus ... by Jacob Hübner in (precise year uncertain).Miletus is the type genus of the subfamily Miletinae ...
Siege Of Miletus
... The Siege of Miletus was Alexander the Great's first naval encounter with the Achaemenid Empire ... This minor siege was directed against the inhabitants of Miletus, a city in southern Ionia, in Caria, which is now located in the Aydın province of modern-day Turkey ...
Miletus - Notable People
... Greek architect Aristagoras (5th–6th century) Tyrant of Miletus Leucippus (first half of 5th century BC) Philosopher and originator of Atomism (his ...
Samian War - Prelude and Dispute
... In 440 BC Samos was at war with Miletus about Priene, an ancient city of Ionia on the foot-hills of Mycale ... Miletus was militarily weak, having been compelled to disarm and pay tribute after rebelling from Athens twice, once in the 450s and again in 446 BC Samos, meanwhile, was one of only three remaining fully ... they themselves had disarmed—intervened on behalf of Miletus ...
Ancient Accounts Of Homer - Arctinus of Miletus
... the Asiatic colonies of Greece, namely, Miletus ... No legend claims for Miletus even a visit from Homer, or a share in the authorship of any Homeric poem ... Yet Arctinus of Miletus was said to have been a disciple of Homer, and was certainly one of the earliest and most considerable of the Cyclic poets ...