The maximum takeoff weight (MTOW) or maximum takeoff mass of an aircraft is the maximum weight at which the pilot of the aircraft is allowed to attempt to take off, due to structural or other limits. The analogous term for rockets is gross lift-off mass, or GLOW. MTOW is usually specified in units of kilograms or pounds.
MTOW is the heaviest weight at which the aircraft has been shown to meet all the airworthiness requirements applicable to it. MTOW of an aircraft is fixed, and does not vary with altitude or air temperature or the length of the runway to be used for takeoff or landing. A different weight the "maximum permissible takeoff weight", or "regulated takeoff weight", varies according to flap setting, altitude, air temperature, length of runway and other factors. It is different from one takeoff to the next, but can never be higher than the MTOW.
Read more about Maximum Takeoff Weight: Certification Standards, Multiple MTOW, Maximum Permissible Takeoff Weight or Maximum Allowed Takeoff Weight
Other articles related to "maximum takeoff weight, weight, maximum, takeoff":
... the initial 747-100 model, Boeing developed the −100B, a higher maximum takeoff weight (MTOW) variant, and the −100SR (Short Range), with higher passenger capacity ... Increased maximum takeoff weight allows aircraft to carry more fuel and have longer range ... An-124 Ruslan in 1982 variants of the 747-400 would surpass the An-124's weight in 2000 ...
3 in (8.9 m) Wing area 1,080 sq ft (100 sq m) Airfoil NACA 4417 Empty weight 28,400 lb (12,880 kg) Maximum fuel weight 10,250 lb (4650 kg) Maximum takeoff weight (from land, disposable load) 43,850 lb (19 ...
... In these circumstances the maximum weight permitted for takeoff will be determined taking account of the following Wing flap setting ... (height above sea-level) – This affects air pressure which affects maximum engine power or thrust ... – This affects air density which affects maximum engine power or thrust ...
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