Matthew Fontaine Maury (January 14, 1806 – February 1, 1873), United States Navy, was an American astronomer, historian, oceanographer, meteorologist, cartographer, author, geologist, and educator.
He was nicknamed "Pathfinder of the Seas" and "Father of Modern Oceanography and Naval Meteorology" and later, "Scientist of the Seas," due to the publication of his extensive works in his books, especially The Physical Geography of the Sea (1855), the first extensive and comprehensive book on oceanography to be published. Maury made many important new contributions to charting winds and ocean currents, including ocean lanes for passing ships at sea.
In 1825 at age 19, Maury joined the United States Navy as a midshipman on board the frigate USS Brandywine. Almost immediately he began to study the seas and record methods of navigation. When a leg injury left him unfit for sea duty, Maury devoted his time to the study of navigation, meteorology, winds, and currents. He became Superintendent of the U.S. Naval Observatory and head of the Depot of Charts and Instruments. Here, Maury studied thousands of ships' logs and charts. He published the Wind and Current Chart of the North Atlantic, which showed sailors how to use the ocean's currents and winds to their advantage and drastically reduced the length of ocean voyages. Maury's uniform system of recording oceanographic data was adopted by navies and merchant marines around the world and was used to develop charts for all the major trade routes.
With the outbreak of the Civil War, Maury, a Virginian, resigned his commission as a U. S. Navy commander and joined the Confederacy. He spent the war in the South, as well as abroad in Great Britain, Ireland, and France. He helped acquire a ship (CSS Georgia) for the Confederacy while also advocating stopping the war in America among several European Nations. Following the war, Maury accepted a teaching position at the Virginia Military Institute in Lexington, Virginia. He died at his V.M.I. home in Lexington in 1873 after completing an exhausting state-to-state lecture tour on National and International weather forecasting on land. He had also completed his book on his Geological Survey of Virginia and a New series of Geography for young people.
Read more about Matthew Fontaine Maury: Early Life and Career, Attempted Eradication of All Slavery in The United States of America, Civil War, International Honors
Other articles related to "fontaine, matthew fontaine maury, maury":
... Louis Fontaine (December, 1882 ... Cato, Michigan – March, 2 1960) was an American racecar driver ... Fontaine competed in six early Championship Car races from 1912 to 1921 including the 1912 American Grand Prize and the 1921 Indianapolis 500 ...
... Fontaine is a commune in the Territoire de Belfort department in Franche-Comté in northeastern France ...
... The "Pathfinder of the Seas" monument of Matthew Fontaine Maury is located on Monument Avenue at Belmont Avenue, closest to the Arthur Ashe monument ... The Maury monument is not a Confederate war monument per se, demonstrating little indication of his role in the Confederate war, which included serving as Chief ... to west on Monument Avenue, they make a turn before they get to the Maury monument, a further indication that Commander Matthew Fontaine Maury's monument is not a Civil War monument ...
... Matthew Fontaine Maury High School, one of five city comprehensive high schools, is a high school located in historic Ghent area of Norfolk, Virginia ... Ghent, the community immediately surrounding Maury High School, has experienced an extensive period of renewal which includes upscale single-family and town home construction along with ... Maury's school mascot is the Commodore ...
... of national and international hard work averaging 14 hours per day, Maury received fame and honors, including being knighted by several nations and given medals with precious gems, as well as a ... Other religious friends of Maury included James Hervey Otey, M ... Maury's former teacher who, before 1857, worked with Bishop Leonidas Polk on the construction of the University of the South in Tennessee ...
Famous quotes containing the words matthew and/or fontaine:
“Peter answered him, Lord, if it is you, command me to come to you on the water.”
—Bible: New Testament, Matthew 14:28.
“Death never takes the wise man by surprise,
He is always ready to go.”
—Jean De La Fontaine (16211695)