Acer ( /ˈeɪsər/) is a genus of trees or shrubs commonly known as maple.
Maples are variously classified in a family of their own, the Aceraceae, or together with the Hippocastanaceae included in the family Sapindaceae. Modern classifications, including the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group system, favour inclusion in Sapindaceae. The type species of the genus is Acer pseudoplatanus (Sycamore maple).
There are approximately 128 species, most of which are native to Asia, with a number also appearing in Europe, northern Africa, and North America. Only one species, the poorly studied Acer laurinum, is native to the Southern Hemisphere. Fifty-four species of maples meet the International Union for Conservation of Nature criteria for being under threat of extinction in their native habitat.
The word Acer derives from a Latin word meaning "sharp" (compare "acerbic"), referring to the characteristic points on maple leaves. It was first applied to the genus by the French botanist Joseph Pitton de Tournefort in 1700. The earliest known fossil maple is Acer alaskense, from the Latest Paleocene of Alaska.
Other articles related to "maple":
... Edward Retz "Eddie" Maple (born November 8, 1948 in Carrollton, Ohio) is a retired American thoroughbred horse racing jockey ... he was an older brother to jockey Sam Maple who won more than 2,500 races ... Maple was the jockey for Hall of Famer Riva Ridge in the 1973 Marlboro Cup, getting the ride when regular jockey Ron Turcotte rode Secretariat to victory in the same race ...
... in the following four northern and central forest cover types Sugar Maple–Basswood, Yellow Poplar–White Oak–Northern Red Oak, Beech–Sugar Maple, and River ... (Carya spp.), oak (Quercus spp.), red maple (Acer rubrum), sugar maple (A ...
... Maple syrup has been made from the sap of Bigleaf Maple trees ... is about the same as in Acer saccharum (sugar maple), the flavor is somewhat different ... Interest in commercially producing syrup from Bigleaf Maple sap has been limited ...
... Hard maple is the wood yielded by Acer saccharum in its wider sense (i.e ... Sugar maple Black maple) ...
Famous quotes containing the word maple:
“Unloved, that beech will gather brown,
This maple burn itself away;
Unloved, the sun-flower, shining fair,
Ray round with flames her disk of seed,
And many a rose-carnation feed
With summer spice the humming air;”
—Alfred Tennyson (18091892)
“Her teachers certainty it must be Mabel
Made Maple first take notice of her name.
She asked her father and he told her, Maple
Maple is right.”
—Robert Frost (18741963)
“We had not gone far before I was startled by seeing what I thought was an Indian encampment, covered with a red flag, on the bank, and exclaimed, Camp! to my comrades. I was slow to discover that it was a red maple changed by the frost.”
—Henry David Thoreau (18171862)