Magistrate, or chief magistrate, is also a common Chinese Chinese translation of xianzhang (县长/縣長 literally: county leader) the political head of a county or xiàn (县/縣) which ranks in the third level of the administrative hierarchy of the PRC. The translation dates from imperial China in which the county magistrate was the lowest official in the imperial Chinese bureaucracy and had judicial in addition to administrative functions.

In modern day Mainland China, the county leader is technically elected by the local people's congress but in fact is appointed by the Communist Party. Although there have been some elections at the lower township level, these elections (with one exception, which was considered irregular and illegal) have not extended up to the county level. Although not an important official, county leaders, particularly in rural areas, can sometimes have a strong impact on the lives of ordinary people by enforcing central government regulations or by turning a blind eye to their violation.

Read more about MagistrateIn Popular Culture

Other articles related to "magistrate, magistrates":

St. Agnes Tsao Kou Ying - Arrest and Execution
... The county magistrate tried to persuade Agnes to deny her faith under the promise that if she did, she would be released ... Then the magistrate threatened torture, but she showed no fear ... Finally, on January 22, the magistrate decided on her punishment ...
Examining Magistrate
... In an inquisitorial system of law the examining magistrate or investigating magistrate is a judge who carries out investigations into cases and arranges prosecutions ...
Lalith Kotelawala - Businessman - Golden Key Scandal
... on February 26, 2009 by the Mount Lavinia Magistrate and an ultimatum was issued to settle the Rs ... directors were remanded by the same Magistrate ... In March the Magistrate refused to consider the application for bail on the grounds that the matter was under consideration in an ongoing high court case ...
Legislative Council Of British Columbia - Initial Composition
... Trutch - Chief Commissioner of Lands and Works Wymond Ogilvy Hamley - Collector of Customs Magistrates Thomas L ... Wood - Acting Solicitor-General Henry Maynard Ball - Magistrate, Cariboo West Chartres Brew - Magistrate, New Westminster C.F ... Cornwall - Magistrate, Thompson River District W.G ...
Magistrate - In Popular Culture
... stories, "Jeeves and the Feudal Spirit" (1955), "Well, you know what magistrates are ... When a fellow hasn't the brains and initiative to sell jellied eels, they make him a magistrate." Bertie Wooster often appeared before magistrates when he was arrested for minor offenses ... A plump and foolish magistrate is a key character in Amy Tan's children's book (and the related PBS television show) Sagwa, the Chinese Siamese Cat ...

Famous quotes containing the word magistrate:

    “O human creature, ... you are the investigator without knowledge, the magistrate without jurisdiction, and all in all, the fool of the farce.”
    Michel de Montaigne (1533–1592)

    No true believer could be intolerant or a persecutor. If I were a magistrate and the law carried the death penalty against atheists, I would begin by sending to the stake whoever denounced another.
    Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712–1778)