List of Treaties - 1900–1999


Year Name Summary
1900 Treaty of Paris Ends all conflicting claims over Río Muni (Equatorial Guinea).
Treaty of Washington Seeks to remove any ground of misunderstanding growing out of the interpretation of Article III of the Treaty of Paris (1898) by clarifying specifics of territories relinquished to the United States by Spain.
1901 Hay-Pauncefote Treaty Replaces the Clayton-Bulwer Treaty.
Boxer Protocol Peace agreement between the Great Powers and China.
1902 Anglo-Japanese Alliance Treaty of alliance between England and Japan; signed by Lord Lansdowne and Hayashi Tadasu.
Treaty of Vereeniging Ends the Second Anglo-Boer War.
1903 Cuban-American Treaty The Republic of Cuba leases to the United States the Guantanamo Bay area.
Hay-Herran Treaty The United States attempts to acquire a lease on Panama.
Hay-Herbert Treaty Between the United Kingdom and the United States on the location of the border between Alaska and Canada.
Hay-Bunau Varilla Treaty Establishes the Panama Canal Zone.
Treaty of Petrópolis Ends tensions between Bolivia and Brazil over the territory of Acre.
1905 Treaty of Portsmouth Ends the Russo-Japanese War.
Treaty of Björkö A secret mutual defense accord between the German Empire and Russia.
October Manifesto Response to Russian Revolution of 1905. Created the Duma but Tsar Nicholas II of Russia disregarded it after the country was stable again and continued his absolute rule.
Taft-Katsura Agreement Japan and the United States agree on spheres of influence in Asia.
Convention of Karlstad This treaty dissolves of the union between Norway and Sweden established by the Convention of Moss and Treaty of Kiel in 1814.
Japan–Korea Treaty of 1905 This treaty deprived Korean Empire of its diplomatic sovereignty, in effect making Korea a protectorate of Empire of Japan; void in 1965.
Treaty 9 (James Bay Treaty) Conducted at Osnaburgh House trade post, on Lake St. Joseph (Albany River), ON, CA negotiating an agreement between the Canadian monarch, King Edward VII, and First Nations. There were later adhesions to the treaty.
1906 Second Geneva Convention Specifies the treatment of wounded, sick and shipwrecked members of armed forces at sea.
Treaty 10 Conducted at Île-à-la-Crosse, and Lac du Brochet, SK, CA negotiating an agreement between the Canadian monarch, King Edward VII, and First Nations. There were later adhesions to the treaty in 1907.
Treaty of Limits (Brazil–Netherlands) Defined international boundary between Brazil and Dutch colony of Suriname
1909 Anglo-Siamese Treaty Formally divides northern Malay states between Siam and the British Empire.
1910 Japan-Korea Annexation Treaty Begins the period of Korea under Japanese rule; declared null and void in 1965.
1911 North Pacific Fur Seal Convention of 1911 First international treaty seeking the management and conservation of wildlife.
1912 International Opium Convention The first international drug control treaty.
1913 Treaty of London Ends the First Balkan War.
Treaty of Bucharest Ends the Second Balkan War.
Tibet-Mongolia Treaty Alliance between Mongolia and Tibet.
Treaty of Athens Peace treaty between Ottoman Empire and Greece. Ottoman Empire acknowledges union of Crete with Greece.
Treaty of Constantinople Peace treaty between Ottoman Empire and Bulgaria. Bulgaria acknowledges Ottoman control on Eastern Thrace.
1914 Bryan-Chamorro Treaty The United States acquires the rights to any canal built in Nicaragua, to build a naval base in the Gulf of Fonseca, and to lease the Great and Little Corn Islands in the Caribbean; ratified in 1916.
1915 London Pact Italy enters World War I.
Treaty of Kyakhta (1915) Status of Mongolia
1916 Sykes-Picot Agreement France and the United Kingdom define spheres of influence in the Middle East.
Treaty of Bucharest Alliance between Romania and the Entente.
1917 Lansing-Ishii Agreement Trade treaty between the United States and Japan.
Corfu Declaration Statement of intention to form a Kingdom of Yugoslavia.
1918 Treaty of Brest-Litovsk Between Ukrainian People's Republic and the Central Powers.
Treaty of Brest-Litovsk Between Russia and the Central Powers; Russia pulls out of World War I.
Treaty of Bucharest Between Romania and the Central Powers; never ratified.
Treaty of Batum Between the Democratic Republic of Armenia and the Ottoman Empire.
Armistice of Mudros Ends the Middle-Eastern part of World War I and forces the Ottomans to renounce most of their imperial holdings.
Armistice with Germany Between France, Britain, and Germany, ending World War I
1919 Treaty of Saint-Germain Dissolution of the Austro-Hungarian Empire.
Treaty of Versailles Formally ends World War I.
Treaty of Neuilly-sur-Seine Between Allied Powers and Bulgaria.
Faisal Weizmann Agreement Agreement for Arab–Jewish cooperation in the Middle East.
Treaty of Rawalpindi Between the United Kingdom and Afghanistan during the Third Anglo-Afghan War; United Kingdom recognizes Afghanistan's independence; amended in 1921.
1920 Seventh Treaty of Paris Union of Bessarabia and Romania.
Treaty of Brno Naturalizes all populaces within the respective language groups of Austria and Czechoslovakia.
Treaty of Rapallo Between Italy and the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (subsequently the Kingdom of Yugoslavia).
Treaty of Moscow Mutual recognition of the Russian SFSR and the Democratic Republic of Georgia
Treaty of Tartu Establishes border between Russia and Finland.
Treaty of Tartu Establishes border between Russia and Estonia.
Treaty of Trianon Regulates the newly-independent Hungary.
Treaty of Sèvres Peace between the Allies of World War I and the Ottoman Empire.
Latvian-Soviet Riga Peace Treaty Brings peace between the Republic of Latvia and Russian SFSR.
Treaty of Alexandropol Ends the war between Turkish nationalists and the Armenian Republic.
Svalbard Treaty The Arctic archipelago of Svalbard becomes part of the Kingdom of Norway.
1921 Franco-Polish Military Alliance Military alliance between Poland and France that was active between 1921 and 1940.
Anglo-Irish Treaty Ends the Anglo-Irish War and created the Irish Free State.
Peace of Riga Ends the Polish-Bolshevik War.
Thomson-Urrutia Treaty Colombia recognizes Panama's independence in return for 25 million dollars.
Treaty of Berlin Separate post-World War I peace agreement between the United States and Germany.
Treaty of Kars Friendship treaty between Turkey and the Soviet governments of the Transcaucasian Republics.
Treaty of Ankara France agrees to evacuate Cilicia in return for economic concessions from Turkey; Turkey acknowledges French imperial sovereignty over Syria.
Russo-Persian Treaty of Friendship Grants both Iran and the Soviet Union full and equal shipping rights in the Caspian Sea.
Treaty of Moscow A friendship treaty between the Grand National Assembly of Turkey (TBMM) and the Bolshevik government of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic.
Anglo–Afghan Treaty of 1921 Amendments to and expansion of the Treaty of Rawalpindi of 1919 between the United Kingdom and Afghanistan
Treaty 11 Conducted at NWT, CA negotiating an agreement between the Canadian monarch, King George V, and First Nations. There were further signings in 1921.
1922 Washington Naval Treaty Attempts to limit naval expansion.
Treaty of Rapallo Between the Weimar Republic and Bolshevist Russia.
Treaty on the Creation of the USSR Legalized the creation of a union of several Soviet republics in the form of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics.
1923 Treaty of Lausanne Sets the boundaries of modern Turkey.
Halibut Treaty Canadian-American agreement concerning fishing rights in the northern Pacific Ocean.
1924 Treaty of Rome Revokes parts of the 1920 Treaty of Rapallo that created the independent Free State of Fiume; Fiume would be annexed to Italy while the town of Sušak would be assigned to Yugoslavia.
1925 Locarno Treaties Seven treaties between the World War I Western European Allied powers and the new states of central and Eastern Europe.
1926 Treaty of Berlin Germany and the Soviet Union pledge neutrality.
1927 Treaty of Jedda Establishes the independence of present-day Saudi Arabia from the United Kingdom.
1928 Kellogg-Briand Pact Calls "for the renunciation of war as an instrument of national policy".
Italo–Ethiopian Treaty of 1928 20 year treaty of peace between he Kingdom of Italy and the Empire of Ethiopia.
1929 Lateran Treaty The Kingdom of Italy and the Vatican City formally recognize each other.
Third Geneva Convention Establishes rules for the treatment of prisoners of war.
1930 London Naval Treaty Regulates submarine warfare and shipbuilding.
Convention Between the United States and Great Britain Definitely delimits the boundary between North Borneo (then a British protectorate) and the Philippine archipelago (then a U.S. Territory).
1931 Treaty of Westminster Creates the British Commonwealth.
1932 Soviet-Polish Non-Aggression Pact International treaty of non-aggression signed by representatives of Poland and the USSR.
1934 German-Polish Non-Aggression Pact International treaty between Nazi Germany and the Second Polish Republic; both countries pledged to settle disputes through bilateral negotiations.
Balkan Pact Between Greece, Turkey, Romania, and Yugoslavia; signatories agree to suspend all disputed territorial claims against each other.
1935 Soviet-French Non-Aggression Pact Bilateral pact between France and the USSR with the aim of containing German aggression.
Treaty of Establishment, Commerce and Navigation Reinforces the Russo-Persian Treaty of Friendship.
1936 Anglo-Egyptian Treaty The United Kingdom withdraws its troops from Egypt except those necessary to protect the Suez Canal and its surroundings.
Franco-Syrian Treaty of Independence France provides independence to Syria.
Montreux Convention Approve Turkish control on Bosphorous and Dardanelles Straits
1937 International Agreement for the Regulation of Whaling Establishes limitations on whaling practices; protocols signed in 1938 and again in 1945.
Treaty of Saadabad A non-aggression pact signed by Turkey, Iran, Iraq and Afghanistan.
1938 Munich Agreement Surrenders the Sudetenland to Germany.
1939 Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact Soviet-German non-aggression pact.
Pact of Steel Pact of Friendship and Alliance between Germany and Italy.
1940 Moscow Peace Treaty Ends the Winter War.
Treaty of Commerce and Navigation Reinforces the Treaty of Establishment, Commerce and Navigation between Iran and the Soviet Union.
Treaty of Craiova Romania cedes territories to Bulgaria.
1942 Anglo-Soviet Treaty Twenty-year mutual assistance agreement between the United Kingdom and the USSR that establishes both a military and political alliance.
1944 Bretton Woods Agreement Establishes rules for commercial and financial relations among the major industrial states.
Tito-Šubašić Agreement Attempts to merge Yugoslavian governments.
Convention on International Civil Aviation Establishes the International Civil Aviation Organization; ratified in 1947.
London Protocol Prepares for the division of Germany into three occupation zones.
1945 Treaty of Varkiza Attempts to officially end the Greek Civil War.
UN Charter Establishes the United Nations.
Wanfried Agreement Transfers three Hessian villages to the Soviet Union and two Eichsfeld villages to the United States.
1946 Bermuda Agreement Bilateral agreement on civil aviation between the United States and United Kingdom.
Gruber-De Gasperi Agreement South Tyrol and Trentino remain part of Italy, but ensures their autonomy as region of Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol.
International Convention for the Regulation of Whaling Replaces the International Agreement for the Regulation of Whaling; governs the commercial, scientific, and aboriginal subsistence whaling practices of fifty-nine member nations.
Lake Success Protocol Shifts drug control functions previously assigned to the League of Nations to the United Nations.
Treaty of Manila (1946) The United States recognizes the independence of the Republic of the Philippines.
Treaty of London Great Britain recognizes the independence of Transjordan.
1947 General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade Establishes international trade rules.
Paris Peace Treaties Formally ends World War II.
Inter-American Treaty of Reciprocal Assistance A "hemispheric defense" doctrine signed by many nations in the Americas.
1949 North Atlantic Treaty Establishes NATO, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization.
Fourth Geneva Convention Establishes rules for the protection of civilians during wartime.
Treaty of Den Haag The Netherlands grants independence to Indonesia except for the South Molucca Islands and West Irian.
Treaty of London Creates the Council of Europe.
1950 Liaquat-Nehru Pact Between Pakistani Prime Minister Liaquat Ali Khan and Indian Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru.
Treaty of Zgorzelec Establishes borders between the Republic of Poland and the German Democratic Republic.
1951 Mutual Defense Treaty between the Republic of the Philippines and the United States of America A mutual defense accord between the Philippines and the United States.
Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide Defines and outlaws genocide.
Treaty of San Francisco Formally ends the war between the Allies of World War II and Japan.
Security Treaty Between the United States and Japan A mutual defense agreement between the United States and Japan; goes into effect on April 28, 1952.
U.S. and Japan Mutual Defense Assistance Agreement Permits U.S. armed forces to station troops in Japan while encouraging Japan to rearm for defensive purposes only; goes into effect on May 1, 1954.
1952 ANZUS Treaty Alliance between Australia, New Zealand and the United States.
Treaty of Taipei Peace treaty between Japan and the Republic of China.
General Treaty Treaty between the Federal Republic of Germany and the Western Allies (France, UK, USA) restoring (limited) German sovereignty.
1953 Korean War Armistice Agreement Ended the fighting between the United Nations Command and the Korean People's Army & PRC People's Liberation Army.
1954 Central Treaty Organization Alliance of Middle Eastern countries and the United Kingdom.
Southeast Asia Collective Defense Treaty Established the Southeast Asia Treaty Organization, (SEATO), a defensive alliance between Australia, France, New Zealand, Pakistan, Philippines, South Korea, South Vietnam, Thailand, the United Kingdom and the United States.
1955 Asian-African Conference Conference stated to promote Afro-Asian economic and cultural cooperation and to oppose colonialism or neocolonialism by the United States, the Soviet Union, or any other "imperialistic" nation.
Austrian State Treaty Re-establishes a free, sovereign and democratic Austria.
Simonstown Agreement The Royal Navy surrenders its naval base at Simonstown, South Africa and transfers command of the South African Navy to the government of South Africa.
Warsaw Pact Alliance of Central and Eastern European communist states.
1956 Soviet-Japanese Joint Declaration Reestablishes diplomatic relations between the Soviet Union and Japan following World War II.
1957 Anglo-Malayan Defence Agreement Provides a security umbrella for the independent Malaya.
Treaty of Rome Establishes the European Economic Community.
International Atomic Energy Treaty Establishes the International Atomic Energy Agency.
1958 1958 US-UK Mutual Defence Agreement Bilateral treaty between the United States and the United Kingdom on nuclear weapons cooperation.
Convention on the Territorial Sea
and Contiguous Zone
Provides new universal legal controls for the management of marine natural resources and the control of pollution.
1959 Antarctic Treaty System Sets aside Antarctica as a scientific preserve, establishes freedom of scientific investigation and bans military activity on the continent; comes into force in 1961.
1960 Treaty of Mutual Cooperation and Security
between the United States and Japan
Strengthens Japan's ties to the "West" during the Cold War era.
Indus Waters Treaty Water-sharing treaty between India and Pakistan.
Treaty of Montevideo Establishes the ALA-LC organization or the Latin American Free Trade Association.
Zürich and London Agreement Between United Kingdom, Turkey and Greece about the independence and Guarantee of Cyprus.
1961 Arms Control and Disarmament Agency Strengthens U.S. national security by implementing effective policies of arms control and disarmament.
Hague Convention of 5 October 1961 International treaty drafted by the Hague Conference on Private International Law. It specifies the modalities through which a document issued in one of the signatory countries can be certified for legal purposes in all the other signatory states. Such a certification is called an apostille (French: certification). The apostille is an international certification.
Columbia River Treaty International agreement between Canada and the United States on the development and operation of the upper Columbia River basin.
Vienna Convention
on Diplomatic Relations
International treaty on diplomatic intercourse and the privileges and immunities of diplomatic missions; came into force in 1964.
Alliance for Progress U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower attempts to establish economic cooperation between North America and South America.
Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs International treaty against the illicit manufacture and trafficking of narcotic drugs.
Convention on the Reduction of Statelessness International treaty against statelessness; goes into effect on December 13, 1975.
1962 Nassau Agreement The United States provides the United Kingdom with nuclear-armed Polaris missiles in return for a nuclear submarine base in the Holy Loch, near Glasgow.
New York Agreement Agreement between the Republic of Indonesia and the Kingdom of the Netherlands Concerning West New Guinea (West Irian). Transferred responsibility for a territory to the United Nations and arranged for subsequent administration by Indonesia pending an act of self-determination defined in agreement.
1963 Vienna Convention
on Consular Relations
Multilateral treaty that codifies consular practices.
Vienna Convention
on Civil Liability for Nuclear Damage
Sets rules of liability for any and all forms of nuclear damage.
Partial Test Ban Treaty Prohibiting all test detonations of nuclear weapons except underground.
Elysée Treaty Franco-German agreement for joint cooperation in foreign policy, economic and military integration, and exchange of student education.
Strasbourg Convention Harmonizes patent laws across European countries.
1965 Merger Treaty Organizes the European Coal and Steel Community, the European Economic Community and Euratom; creates European Commission and the Council of the European Communities; comes into force on July 1, 1967.
Treaty on Basic Relations between Japan and the Republic of Korea Established basic relationship between Japan and the Republic of Korea (South Korea).
1967 Treaty of Tlatelolco Keeps Latin American and the Caribbean regions free of nuclear weapons.
Bangkok Declaration Founding document of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations.
WIPO Convention Established the World Intellectual Property Organization.
Outer Space Treaty Forbids the placing of nuclear weapons or any other weapons of mass destruction on celestial bodies and into outer space in general.
1968 Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty Limits the spread of nuclear weapons through non-proliferation, disarmament, and the right to utilize nuclear technology for peaceful purposes.
1969 Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties Codifies the pre-existing international customary law on treaties with some necessary gap-filling and clarifications.
Arusha Agreement Establishes better economic relations between the European Community and the nations of Kenya, Uganda, and Tanzania; comes into force in 1971.
1970 Patent Cooperation Treaty Provides a unified procedure for filing patent applications to protect inventions internationally; comes into force in 1978; amended in 1979; modified in 1984 and 2001.
Boundary Treaty Settles boundary disputes between the United States and Mexico.
Treaty of Warsaw West Germany and the People's Republic of Poland pledge themselves to nonviolence and accept the Oder-Neisse line; ratified in 1972.
1971 Convention on Psychotropic Substances Attempts to control psychoactive drugs such as amphetamines, barbiturates, and LSD.
Five Power Defence Arrangements Security agreement between Australia, Malaysia, New Zealand, Singapore and the United Kingdom.
Ramsar Convention Focuses on the conservation and sustainable utilization of wetlands; goes into effect in 1975.
IPC Agreement Establishes a common classification for patents for invention, inventors’ certificates, utility models and utility certificates; goes into effect in 1975; amended in 1979.
Seabed Arms Control Treaty Bans the placement of nuclear weapons on the ocean floor beyond a 12-mile (19 km) coastal zone; comes into force in 1972.
Indo-Soviet Treaty of Friendship and Cooperation Specifies strategic cooperation between India and the Soviet Union.
1972 Addis Ababa Agreement A series of accords between the government of Sudan and insurgents in Southern Sudan, which ended the First Sudanese Civil War
Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty Limits the use of anti-ballistic missile (ABM) systems in defending areas against missile-delivered nuclear weapons (US PL 92-448).
Basic Treaty Establishes relations between the Federal Republic of Germany and the German Democratic Republic; comes into effect in 1973.
Biological Weapons Convention First multilateral disarmament treaty banning the production of an entire category of biological weapons (with exceptions for medical and defensive purposes in small quantities).
Convention for the Conservation of Antarctic Seals Provides protection for Antarctic seals; comes into effect in 1978.
London Convention Attempts to control pollution of the sea via deliberate dumping by vessels, aircraft, and platforms.
Sino-Japanese Joint Communiqué Established diplomatic relations between Japan and the People's Republic of China.
Simla Treaty Normalised relations between India and Pakistan following the Bangladesh Liberation War.
1973 European Patent Convention Multilateral treaty instituting the European Patent Organisation.
Paris Peace Accords Formalized American withdrawal from Vietnam.
Vientiane Treaty A cease-fire agreement between the monarchial government of Laos and the communist Pathet Lao.
1974 Japan Australia Migratory Bird Agreement Treaty between Australia and Japan to minimise harm to the major areas used by birds that migrate between the two countries; comes into force in 1981.
Threshold Test Ban Treaty Establishes a nuclear "threshold" by prohibiting nuclear tests of devices having a yield exceeding 150 kilotons.
1975 Treaty of Osimo Divides the Free Territory of Trieste between Italy and Yugoslavia.
Treaty of Lagos Establishes the Economic Community of West African States.
1976 ENMOD Convention Prohibits the military or other hostile use of environmental modification techniques; comes into force in 1978.
Treaty of Amity and Cooperation in Southeast Asia Treaty signed among the founding members of ASEAN and acceded to by all ASEAN members and 15 non-members.
1977 Torrijos-Carter Treaties Abrogates the Hay-Bunau Varilla Treaty and guarantees Panama its eventual control of the Panama Canal after 1999.
1978 Camp David Accords Agreement between Egypt and Israel.
Treaty of Peace and Friendship between
Japan and the People's Republic of China
Peace agreement between Japan and the People's Republic of China.
1979 Israel-Egypt Peace Treaty Israel and Egypt agree to mutually recognize each other; Israel agrees to withdraw its troops from the Sinai Peninsula in return for Israeli ships to gain free passage through the Suez Canal.
Moon Treaty Turns jurisdiction of all heavenly bodies to the international community; goes into effect in 1984.
Treaty of Montevideo Both Argentina and Chile pledge to a peaceful solution to their border disputes at the Beagle Channel.
1983 Australia New Zealand Closer Economic Relations Trade Agreement A free trade agreement between the governments of New Zealand and Australia.
1984 Sino-British Joint Declaration The United Kingdom relinquishes Hong Kong to the People's Republic of China.
Nkomati Accord Nonagression treaty between Mozambique and the Republic of South Africa.
Arabic-African Union Treaty Morocco and Libya establish the Arabic-African Union.
Treaty of Peace and Friendship of 1984 between Chile and Argentina Resolves disputes between Argentina and Chile over the possession of the Picton, Lennox and Nueva islands.
1985 Plaza Accord The Group of Five agree to devalue the US dollar in relation to the Japanese yen and German Deutsche Mark by intervening in currency markets.
Schengen Agreement Establishes for the European Community a border system and a common policy on the temporary entry of persons.
Sulphur Emissions Reduction Protocol Provides for a 30% reduction in sulphur emissions and their transboundary fluxes by 1993; comes into effect in 1987.
Treaty of Rarotonga Formalizes a nuclear-weapon-free zone in the South Pacific.
1986 China Australia Migratory Bird Agreement Treaty between Australia and China to minimise harm to major areas used by birds that migrate between the two countries; comes into force in 1988.
1987 Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty Eliminates nuclear and conventional ground-launched ballistic and cruise missiles with ranges of 500 to 5,500 kilometers (300 to 3,400 miles); ratified and comes into force in 1988.
Joint Declaration on the Question of Macau Portugal relinquishes Macau to the People's Republic of China.
1988 Nitrogen Oxide Protocol Provides for the control or reduction of nitrogen oxides and their transboundary fluxes; comes into effect in 1991.
United Nations Convention Against Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances Enforcing the 1961 Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs and the 1971 Convention on Psychotropic Substances.
1989 Montreal Protocol Attempts to protect the ozone layer by phasing out the production of a number of substances believed to be responsible for ozone depletion.
Treaty on Conventional Armed Forces in Europe Establishes limits on key categories of conventional military equipment in Europe and mandates the destruction of excess weaponry.
Timor Gap Treaty Between the governments of Australia and Indonesia; rewritten in 2001.
1990 Malaysia-Singapore Points of Agreement Treaty regarding the future of railway land owned by the Malaysian government through Malayan Railways in Singapore.
Agreement on Destruction and Non-production of Chemical Weapons and on Measures to Facilitate the Multilateral Convention on Banning Chemical Weapons On June 1, 1990 Presidents George H.W. Bush and Mikhail Gorbachev sign the bilateral U.S.-Soviet Chemical Weapons Accord.
Treaty on the Final Settlement with Respect to Germany The Four Powers renounce all rights they formerly held in Germany and Germany renounces all claims to territories east of the Oder-Neisse Line.
1991 Brioni Agreement Ends ten-day war in Slovenia.
Abuja Treaty International agreement that creates the African Economic Community.
Asunción Treaty International treaty signed between Argentina, Brazil, Uruguay and Paraguay, served as the basis for the establishment of the Mercosur trading block.
Extradition treaty Treaty on Extradition between Australia and the Republic of the Philippines. Signed in Manila on 7 March 1988, entered into force on 18 January 1991.
Belavezha Accords Agreement which declared the Soviet Union effectively dissolved and established the Commonwealth of Independent States in its place.
1992 Maastricht Treaty Establishes the European Union.
United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change Attempts to reduce emissions of greenhouse gas in order to combat global warming.
Treaty on Open Skies Establishes an international program of unarmed aerial surveillance flights over all participants' territories.
CIS Collective Security Treaty Armenia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan establish framework for the Commonwealth of Independent States.
Sochi agreement Georgian and South Ossetian forces signed a ceasefire to halt the contemperaneously recognized "civil war."
1993 Oslo Accords Between the Israeli government and the Palestine Liberation Organization.
Chemical Weapons Convention Outlaws the production, stockpiling and use of chemical weapons.
1994 Israel-Jordan Peace Treaty Normalizes relations between Israel and Jordan and resolves territorial disputes between them.
North American Free Trade Agreement Free trade agreement between Canada, the United States of America, and Mexico.
Kremlin accords Stops the preprogrammed aiming of nuclear missiles at targets in any nation and provides for the dismantling of Russian nuclear weapons in Ukraine.
United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea Provides universal legal controls for the management of marine natural resources and the control of pollution.
United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification Agreement to combat desertification and to mitigate the effects of drought; comes into force in 1996.
Extradition treaty Extradition treaty between the government of the republic of the Philippines and the government of the United States of America. Signed at Manila on 13 November 1994.
1995 Dayton Agreement Ends Bosnian War.
General Agreement on Trade in Services Extends the multilateral trading system to provide services (i.e. tertiary sector of industry).
1996 Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty Forbids all nuclear explosions in all environments for military or civilian purposes.
Khasav-Yurt Accord Ceasefire agreement that ends the First Chechen War.
WIPO Copyright Treaty Provides additional protections for copyright deemed necessary due to advances in information technology.
WIPO Performances and Phonograms Treaty Establishes rights and privileges for performers and producers of audio-visual works.
1997 Amsterdam Treaty Substantially revises the Maastricht Treaty; comes into effect on May 1, 1999.
Ottawa Convention on Landmines Bans all anti-personnel landmines (AP-mines).
Chemical Weapons Convention Outlaws the production, stockpiling and use of chemical weapons.
Kyoto Protocol Mandates the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions; negotiated in 1997, ratified in 2004, and went into effect in 2005.
1998 Belfast Agreement Major political development in the Northern Ireland peace process.
POP Air Pollution Protocol Agreement to provide for the control and reduction of emissions of persistent organic pollutants; has not yet come into effect.
Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court Establishes the International Criminal Court.
1999 Adapted Conventional Armed Forces in Europe Treaty Replaces ceilings given to NATO and the Warsaw Pact with territorial ones.
East African Community Treaty Establishes the East African Community between Uganda, Kenya and the Republic of Tanzania; goes into effect on July 7, 2000.
Kumanovo Treaty Concluded the Kosovo war. ; goes into effect on June 9, 1999.

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