Lira

Lira (sign: ₤, £, or L; plural: lire) is the name of the monetary unit of a number of countries, as well as the former currency of Italy, Malta, San Marino, Syria, Lebanon and the Vatican City (replaced in 2002 with the euro) and Israel. The term originates from the value of a Troy pound (Latin libra) of high purity silver. The libra was the basis of the monetary system of the Roman Empire. When Europe resumed a monetary system, during the Carolingian Empire, the Roman system was adopted, the so-called £sd (librae, solidi, denarii).

Particularly this system was kept during the Middle Ages and Modern Age in England, France, and Italy. In each of these countries the libra was translated into local language: pound in England, livre in France, lira in Italy. The Venetian lira was one of the currencies in use in Italy and due to the economic power of the Venetian Republic a popular currency in the Eastern Mediterranean trade.

During the 19th century Egypt and the Ottoman Empire adopted the lira as their national currency, equivalent to 100 piasters or kuruş. When the Ottoman Empire collapsed in years 1918-1922, many among the successor states kept the lira as their national currency. In some countries, such as Cyprus, which have belonged to both empires, the Ottoman Empire and the British Empire, the words lira and pound are used as equivalents.

L, sometimes in a double-crossed script form () or less often single-crossed (£), is usually used as the symbol (occasionally a plain capital "L" crossed by a bar is used).

Read more about Lira:  Former Currencies

Other articles related to "lira":

Lira Hospital
... Lira Regional Referral Hospital, commonly known as Lira Hospital is a hospital in Lira, northern Uganda ... It is the referral hospital for the districts of Amolatar, Apac, Dokolo, Lira and Oyam ...
Calabrian Lira
... The Calabrian Lira (Italian Lira Calabrese) is a traditional musical instrument characteristic of some areas of Calabria, region in southern Italy ...
Calabrian Lira - Origin
... The Calabrian Lira is closely related to the bowed lira (Greek λύρα) of the Byzantine Empire ... the 9th century Ibn Khurradadhbih (died 911) was the first to cite the Byzantine lira, as a typical bowed instrument of the Byzantines (Margaret J ... Similar bowed instruments descendants of the Byzantine lira have continued to be played in many post-Byzantine regions until the present day with small ...
Aílton Lira
... Aílton Lira da Silva, best known as Aílton Lira (born in Araras, São Paulo State, February 19, 1951) was a former football (soccer) forward who currently manages Limeira Futebol Clube ...
Lira, Uganda - Other Points of Interest
... Other points of interest in Lira or near the town, include the following The headquarters of Lira District Administration The offices of Lira City Council A branch ...